ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Nov 1, 2008 Issue
Antioxidant Supplements Do Not Improve Mortality and May Cause Harm [Cochrane for Clinicians]
In randomized controlled trials of primary and secondary prevention, vitamins A and E, and beta-carotene supplementation increased mortality. Vitamin C and selenium supplementation had no significant effect on mortality.
Improving dietary and lifestyle habits is a critical part of any strategy for cardiovascular risk reduction. The American Heart Association (AHA) recently revised its diet and lifestyle recommendations to reflect new evidence.
Toddlers make a transition from dependent milk-fed infancy to independent feeding and a typical omnivorous diet. This stage is an important time for physicians to monitor growth using growth charts and body mass index and to make recommendations for healthy eating. Fat and cholesterol restriction sh...
Rickets develops when growing bones fail to mineralize. In most cases, the diagnosis is established with a thorough history and physical examination and confirmed by laboratory evaluation. Nutritional rickets can be caused by inadequate intake of nutrients (vitamin D in particular); however, it is n...
Americans spend dollar 33 billion annually on weight loss products and services, and a large portion of this money is spent on low-carbohydrate diets. Because of their higher protein and fat content and lower fiber and carbohydrate content, concerns have been raised about the potential health conseq...
Feb 1, 2006 Issue
AHA Releases Dietary Recommendations for Children and Adolescents [Practice Guidelines]
The American Heart Association (AHA) has released revised nutritional guidelines for children and adolescents, with new focuses on total caloric intake and eating behaviors. This is in response to significant changes in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and nutrition behaviors in children.
Jan 1, 2006 Issue
Is Oral Vitamin B12 as Effective as Intramuscular Injection? [Cochrane for Clinicians]
In patients with vitaminB12 deficiency, two oral regimens have been shown to achieve neurologic and hematologic response in the short term. Effective dosages were (1) 2,000 mcg daily or (2) 1,000 mcg daily for 10 days, then weekly and monthly.
According to disease-oriented evidence, insulin and intravenous glucose, inhaled albuterol (Ventolin), and dialysis are the best treatment options; the first two may be given in combination. Bicarbonate or resins are not recommended for routine use, particularly without one of the more effective agents listed above.
Vitamin D deficiency among hospitalized patients may be more widespread than realized. Vague musculoskeletal complaints in these chronically ill patients may be attributed to multiple underlying disease processes rather than a deficiency in vitamin D. However, the failure to diagnose an underlying d...