ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Vitamin D deficiency among hospitalized patients may be more widespread than realized. Vague musculoskeletal complaints in these chronically ill patients may be attributed to multiple underlying disease processes rather than a deficiency in vitamin D. However, the failure to diagnose an underlying d...
Aug 1, 2004 Issue
Routine Vitamin Supplementation to Prevent Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease [Putting Prevention into Practice]
Case study: JB, a 35-year-old smoker, comes to your office for a well-woman examination. Reviewing her medication list, you learn that she is taking numerous vitamin supplements, including vitamins A, C, E, and beta-carotene.
Dec 15, 2003 Issue
Routine Vitamin Supplementation to Prevent Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease: Recommendations and Rationale [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on routine vitamin supplementation to prevent cancer and cardiovascular disease and the supporting scientific evidence.
Jul 1, 2003 Issue
Behavioral Counseling in Primary Care to Promote a Healthy Diet [Putting Prevention into Practice]
Case study: More than 80 percent of Americans eat fewer than the recommended number of daily servings of fruit, vegetables, and grain products. Furthermore, they receive more than the recommended proportions of daily calories from saturated fat and total fat. You contemplate incorporating healthy di...
Jun 15, 2003 Issue
Behavioral Counseling in Primary Care to Promote a Healthy Diet [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on counseling to promote a healthy diet in primary care patients and the supporting scientific evidence, and it updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, second edition.
The American Cancer Society (ACS) has issued its 2002 update on guidelines for reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity.
Determining the level of prealbumin, a hepatic protein, is a sensitive and cost-effective method of assessing the severity of illness resulting from malnutrition in patients who are critically ill or have a chronic disease. Prealbumin levels have been shown to correlate with patient outcomes and are...
Dietary antioxidants and folic acid may play a role in the pathophysiology of coronary disease and stroke. We review patient-oriented evidence on the effectiveness of supplementation with antioxidants and/or folic acid in the prevention of myocardial infarction and stroke. Observational data suggest...
The association between nutrition and health has been clearly documented. Primary care physicians are expected to address nutrition and dietary behavior issues with their patients in the context of a brief clinical encounter. This article proposes the use of a short interview form, with specific sug...