ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Overall, children up to 12 years of age benefited from school-based obesity prevention interventions; this effect was not demonstrated among adolescents 13 years and older. Although the overall effect size was small, interventions that promoted physical activity, alone or in combination with diet, w...
Bariatric surgery procedures, including laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, result in an average weight loss of 50 percent of excess body weight. Remission of diabetes mellitus occurs in approximately 80 percent of patients after Ro...
There is little evidence about secondary causes of obesity in adults. The evaluation for secondary causes of obesity should include a patient history and physical examination, with additional laboratory testing based on specific symptoms, risk factors, and index of suspicion.
Phentermine and diethylpropion are appetite suppressants approved for use in the United States as adjuncts in the treatment of obesity. These agents demonstrate a modest weight loss benefit when combined with dietary modifications and exercise.
Mar 15, 2011 Issue
Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen children six years and older for obesity, and offer them or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvement in weight status.
Case study: A seven-year-old boy presents with his mother for a routine well-child visit. He does not report any problems, his medical history is unremarkable, and he has no family history of heart disease or diabetes mellitus.
Dec 15, 2010 Issue
Thiazolidinedione Therapy for Managing Metabolic Syndrome [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
There is no patient-oriented evidence supporting the use of TZD therapy in patients in the general population who have metabolic syndrome. Rosiglitazone (Avandia) use decreases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with metabolic syndrome who are undergoing coronary stenting.
What are the effects of drug treatments in adults with obesity? What are the effects of bariatric surgery in adults with morbid obesity?
Successful long-term weight loss maintenance can be achieved by various means. A combination of dietary and physical activity interventions, along with one or more behavioral approaches, has proven successful in some persons, as documented by the National Weight Control Registry, but is limited by a...
This case scenario addresses important and commonly encountered medical problems: weight gain and obesity.