Occupational Health

Dec 1, 2019 Issue
Nonspecific Low Back Pain and Return To Work [Article]

Prescribing physical activity, including core strengthening, physical therapy, or yoga, is an important therapeutic intervention in patients with nonspecific low back pain. Early return to work should be encouraged when appropriate. Stress management counseling may also be beneficial.

Sep 15, 2016 Issue
Helping Pregnant Women Keep Their Jobs [Curbside Consultation]

At 7.5 months pregnant, my patient found herself increasingly uncomfortable at work. Her varicose veins ached from standing on the job, where she was required to work a cash register and walk prescriptions from the pharmacy to the checkout area. I wrote a note to her boss explaining that she was pre...

Jun 15, 2016 Issue
Common Occupational Disorders: Asthma, COPD, Dermatitis, and Musculoskeletal Disorders [Article]

An occupational disorder is an event or exposure that occurs in the workplace that causes or contributes to a condition or worsens a preexisting condition. Learn about common occupational disorders and preventive measures.

Dec 15, 2015 Issue
Addressing Suspected Labor Trafficking in the Office [Curbside Consultation]

An estimated 18,000 persons are trafficked into the United States for labor each year. They most commonly originate from Latin America (31%), Southeast Asia (26%), and South Asia (13%), and 71% of persons enter on lawful visas. Health care may be one of the few fields in which professionals are like...

Jan 15, 2015 Issue
Disability Evaluations: More Than Completing a Form [Article]

Learn the components of a disability evaluation and how to determine a patient’s impairment and functional ability. Several validated questionnaires are available to help with the assessment.

Jan 1, 2014 Issue
Evaluation and Treatment of the Acutely Injured Worker [Article]

Approximately 3 million work-related injuries were reported by private industries in 2011, and primary care physicians provided care for approximately one out of four injured workers. To appropriately individualize the treatment of an injured worker and expedite the return to work process, primary c...

Jun 1, 2011 Issue
Pre-employment Examinations for Preventing Occupational Injury and Disease [Cochrane for Clinicians]

There is limited evidence that task-focused examinations reduce sick leave and the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries; however, general pre-employment examinations have no effect on health outcomes.

Jul 15, 2010 Issue
Recognizing Occupational Illnesses and Injuries [Article]

Given the burden of occupational illnesses and injuries in the United States, family physicians should understand the role workplace exposures may play in patients' chief concerns. Incorporating employment screening questions into patients' intake questionnaires is an efficient means of identifying ...

Apr 15, 2010 Issue
The Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Medical Examination: Practical Issues [Article]

The commercial motor vehicle driver medical examination aims to ensure that commercial drivers can safely perform all driving and nondriving work-related tasks. In conducting the examination and completing the related certification, the medical examiner must follow mandated medical standards and con...

Jan 15, 2009 Issue
Severe Occupational Lung Disease from Exposure to Flavoring Chemicals [Editorials]

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