Oral and Dental Conditions

Apr 1, 2011 Issue
Tongue Lesion with Sensation of Fullness in the Mouth [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Dec 1, 2010 Issue
Oral Manifestations of Systemic Disease [Article]

Careful examination of the oral cavity may reveal findings indicative of an underlying systemic condition, and allow for early diagnosis and treatment. Examination should include evaluation for mucosal changes, periodontal inflammation and bleeding, and general condition of the teeth. Oral findings ...

May 15, 2010 Issue
Palatine Lesion in an Older Woman [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Mar 1, 2010 Issue
Common Tongue Conditions in Primary Care [Article]

Although easily examined, abnormalities of the tongue can present a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma for physicians. Recognition and diagnosis require a thorough history, including onset and duration, antecedent symptoms, and tobacco and alcohol use. Examination of tongue morphology and a careful ...

Nov 1, 2009 Issue
Prophylaxis for Invasive Dental Procedures in At-Risk Patients [Cochrane for Clinicians]

A single observational study found no evidence that antibiotic prophylaxis reduces the incidence of bacterial endocarditis in high-risk patients about to undergo an invasive dental procedure. It is also uncertain if the potential harms and costs of antibiotics outweigh any benefit. Revised American ...

Oct 15, 2009 Issue
Painful Oral Ulcerations in a 51-Year-Old Woman [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Oct 1, 2008 Issue
Common Oral Conditions in Older Persons [Article]

Older persons are at risk of chronic diseases of the mouth, including dental infections (e.g., caries, periodontitis), tooth loss, benign mucosal lesions, and oral cancer. Other common oral conditions in this population are xerostomia (dry mouth) and oral candidiasis, which may lead to acute pseudom...

Apr 15, 2008 Issue
Oral Health During Pregnancy [Article]

Oral health care in pregnancy is often avoided and misunderstood by physicians, dentists, and patients. Evidence-based practice guidelines are still being developed. Research suggests that some prenatal oral conditions may have adverse consequences for the child. Periodontitis is associated with pre...

Mar 15, 2008 Issue
Common Dental Infections in the Primary Care Setting [Article]

Family physicians commonly encounter patients with dental infections, such as dental caries and periodontal disease. Dental caries is caused by bacteria that destroy the enamel and dentin; it can be detected by an oral examination that shows stained pits or fissures on the tooth surface. Use of fluo...

Nov 15, 2007 Issue
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders [Article]

Temporomandibular joint disorders are common in adults; as many as one third of adults report having one or more symptoms, which include jaw or neck pain, headache, and clicking or grating within the joint. Most symptoms improve without treatment, but various noninvasive therapies may reduce pain fo...

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