Oral and Dental Conditions

Nov 1, 2009 Issue
Prophylaxis for Invasive Dental Procedures in At-Risk Patients [Cochrane for Clinicians]

A single observational study found no evidence that antibiotic prophylaxis reduces the incidence of bacterial endocarditis in high-risk patients about to undergo an invasive dental procedure. It is also uncertain if the potential harms and costs of antibiotics outweigh any benefit. Revised American ...

Oct 15, 2009 Issue
Painful Oral Ulcerations in a 51-Year-Old Woman [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Oct 1, 2008 Issue
Common Oral Conditions in Older Persons [Article]

Older persons are at risk of chronic diseases of the mouth, including dental infections (e.g., caries, periodontitis), tooth loss, benign mucosal lesions, and oral cancer. Other common oral conditions in this population are xerostomia (dry mouth) and oral candidiasis, which may lead to acute pseudom...

Apr 15, 2008 Issue
Oral Health During Pregnancy [Article]

Oral health care in pregnancy is often avoided and misunderstood by physicians, dentists, and patients. Evidence-based practice guidelines are still being developed. Research suggests that some prenatal oral conditions may have adverse consequences for the child. Periodontitis is associated with pre...

Mar 15, 2008 Issue
Common Dental Infections in the Primary Care Setting [Article]

Family physicians commonly encounter patients with dental infections, such as dental caries and periodontal disease. Dental caries is caused by bacteria that destroy the enamel and dentin; it can be detected by an oral examination that shows stained pits or fissures on the tooth surface. Use of fluo...

Nov 15, 2007 Issue
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders [Article]

Temporomandibular joint disorders are common in adults; as many as one third of adults report having one or more symptoms, which include jaw or neck pain, headache, and clicking or grating within the joint. Most symptoms improve without treatment, but various noninvasive therapies may reduce pain fo...

Feb 15, 2007 Issue
Common Oral Lesions: Part I. Superficial Mucosal Lesions [Article]

Common superficial oral lesions include candidiasis, recurrent herpes labialis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, erythema migrans, hairy tongue, and lichen planus. Recognition and diagnosis require taking a thorough history and performing a complete oral examination. Knowledge of clinical characterist...

Feb 15, 2007 Issue
Common Oral Lesions: Part II. Masses and Neoplasia [Article]

Certain common oral lesions appear as masses, prompting concern about oral carcinoma. Many are benign, although some (e.g., leukoplakia) may represent neoplasia or cancer. Palatal and mandibular tori are bony protuberances and are benign anomalies. Oral pyogenic granulomas may appear in response to ...

Apr 15, 2006 Issue
CDC Recommendations for Improving Oral Health [Practice Guidelines]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released recommendations for preventing dental caries and improving oral health.

Dec 15, 2004 Issue
Whitish Papules and Plaques on the Tongue [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

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