Oral and Dental Conditions

Mar 15, 2008 Issue
Common Dental Infections in the Primary Care Setting [Article]

Family physicians commonly encounter patients with dental infections, such as dental caries and periodontal disease. Dental caries is caused by bacteria that destroy the enamel and dentin; it can be detected by an oral examination that shows stained pits or fissures on the tooth surface. Use of fluo...

Nov 15, 2007 Issue
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders [Article]

Temporomandibular joint disorders are common in adults; as many as one third of adults report having one or more symptoms, which include jaw or neck pain, headache, and clicking or grating within the joint. Most symptoms improve without treatment, but various noninvasive therapies may reduce pain fo...

Feb 15, 2007 Issue
Common Oral Lesions: Part I. Superficial Mucosal Lesions [Article]

Common superficial oral lesions include candidiasis, recurrent herpes labialis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, erythema migrans, hairy tongue, and lichen planus. Recognition and diagnosis require taking a thorough history and performing a complete oral examination. Knowledge of clinical characterist...

Feb 15, 2007 Issue
Common Oral Lesions: Part II. Masses and Neoplasia [Article]

Certain common oral lesions appear as masses, prompting concern about oral carcinoma. Many are benign, although some (e.g., leukoplakia) may represent neoplasia or cancer. Palatal and mandibular tori are bony protuberances and are benign anomalies. Oral pyogenic granulomas may appear in response to ...

Apr 15, 2006 Issue
CDC Recommendations for Improving Oral Health [Practice Guidelines]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released recommendations for preventing dental caries and improving oral health.

Dec 15, 2004 Issue
Whitish Papules and Plaques on the Tongue [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Dec 1, 2004 Issue
A Practical Guide to Infant Oral Health [Article]

Early childhood caries is the most common chronic disease in young children and may develop as soon as teeth erupt. Bacteria, predominately mutans streptococci, metabolize simple sugars to produce acid that demineralizes teeth, resulting in cavities. Physicians should examine children's teeth for de...

Oct 15, 2004 Issue
Prevention of Dental Caries in Preschool Children: Recommendations and Rationale [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on the primary care clinician’s role in the prevention of dental disease among preschool-aged children based on the USPSTF’s examination of evidence specific to dental disease in young children.

Jun 1, 2004 Issue
Sialorrhea--A Management Challenge [Article]

Sialorrhea (drooling or excessive salivation) is a common problem in neurologically impaired children (i.e., those with mental retardation or cerebral palsy) and in adults who have Parkinson's disease or have had a stroke. It is most commonly caused by poor oral and facial muscle control. Contributi...

Mar 1, 2004 Issue
Tongue Bump [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

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