ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
How effective is kinesiology taping (elastic tape applied to the knee to create patellar tension) for osteoarthritis pain of the knee?
The 2019 American College of Rheumatology/Arthritis Foundation guidelines reviewed the effectiveness of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for OA in the knee, hip, and hand.
Acetaminophen is no better than placebo for relief of hip or knee pain due to osteoarthritis. Although acetaminophen does provide some pain relief, the effect is small and not clinically significant.
Although plain radiographs are often used to diagnose hip OA, the correlation between radiographic indicators of hip arthritis and hip pain is low.
Jan 1, 2019 Issue
Nausea in Pregnancy, Knee Osteoarthritis, Hormone Replacement Therapy, Shingles [AFP Clinical Answers]
Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.
What are the clinical effectiveness and harms of cell-based therapies, oral glucosamine and/or chondroitin, physical treatment interventions, weight loss, and home-based and self-management therapies for knee osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis should be suspected in patients with pain in the fingers, shoulders, hips, knees, or ankles, especially if they are older than 40 years. This article provides a brief summary of the best available patient-oriented evidence on the diagnosis and treatment of osteoarthritis.
Nov 1, 2017 Issue
Topical NSAIDs for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Adults [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Topical diclofenac and ketoprofen are slightly more effective than placebo for relieving chronic pain associated with osteoarthritis in adults. Evidence is lacking to determine the effectiveness of topical NSAIDs compared with oral NSAIDs.
This well-done study found that regular three-month intra-articular injections of triamcinolone for two years resulted in no significant difference in pain and function assessments compared with saline. However, a significant increase in cartilage loss and damage did occur in patients receiving corticosteroids compared with saline.
In patients with hip or knee DJD, all analgesics are more effective than placebo in relieving pain and improving function. Although paracetamol (acetaminophen) is the least effective of all the drugs studied, it still may be the first treatment for these patients because of its safety profile.