ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mineral density and a deterioration in the microarchitecture of bone that increases its susceptibility to fracture. The World Health Organization defines osteoporosis as a bone mineral density that is 2.5 standard deviations or more below the reference mean ...
Calcium supplementation has a beneficial effect on bone density and may reduce vertebral fractures. It has no clear effect on nonvertebral fractures, although the number of patients studied may be too small to predict this outcome.
Teriparatide increases bone density in men and women with osteoporosis and has reduced the risk of new vertebral fractures in high-risk women. Its role in therapy is not clear. Due to its uncertain safety profile, lack of long-term experience, and high cost, it makes sense to reserve teriparatide fo...
Mar 15, 2004 Issue
ACOG Releases Guidelines for Clinical Management of Osteoporosis [Practice Guidelines]
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recently issued guidelines for the clinical management of osteoporosis in women, including recommendations for screening, prevention, and treatment.
Jan 1, 2004 Issue
Screening for Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women [Putting Prevention into Practice]
Case study: PK, a 65-year-old black woman, comes to get her annual influenza vaccination. She says she appreciates your recent visit to her mother, who is recovering from surgery following a hip fracture. PK asks if she should be screened for osteoporosis
Compression fracture of the vertebral body is common, especially in older adults. Vertebral compression fractures usually are caused by osteoporosis, and range from mild to severe. More severe fractures can cause significant pain, leading to inability to perform activities of daily living, and life-...
Osteoporosis in men is now recognized as an increasingly important public health issue. About 30 percent of hip fractures occur in men, and one in eight men older than 50 years will have an osteoporotic fracture. Because of their greater peak bone mass, men usually present with hip, vertebral body, ...
Oct 15, 2002 Issue
Screening for Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women: Recommendations and Rationale [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for osteoporosis and the supporting scientific evidence, and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, Second Edition.
Interventional radiologists have been performing image-guided spinal procedures for many years. Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a newer technique in which a medical grade cement is injected though a needle into a painful fractured vertebral body. This stabilizes the fracture, allowing most patients t...
Jul 1, 2002 Issue
NIH Releases Statement on Osteoporosis Prevention, Diagnosis, and Therapy [Practice Guidelines]
Osteoporosis is a disorder of the skeletal system characterized by weakened bone strength, which results in an increased risk of fracture. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has released a consensus statement on the prevention, diagnosis, and therapy of osteoporosis.