ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
This umbrella review found a modest benefit of cannabinoids for the treatment of neuropathic pain; a greater benefit for the treatment of spasticity and nausea and vomiting; and substantial harms. The studies were extremely heterogeneous in terms of the comparators, dose, duration, and outcome measu...
Nonopioid medications were at least as effective as opioid medications for improving pain-related function over 12 months in adults with severe chronic back pain or knee or hip osteoarthritis pain. The evidence that opioids are not superior to nonopioid medications for chronic and acute pain continues to mount.
Providing high-quality, patient-centered care for those living with chronic pain includes developing a good understanding of the many ways the pain affects their lives are affected by their symptoms and validating their concerns and feelings.
This carefully designed and adequately powered study found no difference in pain reduction between ibuprofen and oral morphine in children with postoperative pain. Adverse effects, however, were much more likely with morphine.
In adults presenting to the emergency department with acute extremity pain severe enough to warrant radiologic investigation, ibuprofen plus acetaminophen was equally effective in reducing pain intensity at two hours compared with three different opioid and acetaminophen combination analgesics.
Physicians should consider nonopioid options for postsurgery pain to avoid the unpleasant effects of of withdrawal and risk of dependence.
Feb 1, 2018 Issue
Effectiveness of Skin-to-Skin Care for Procedure-Related Pain in Newborns [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Skin-to-skin care, also known as kangaroo care, effectively reduces physiologic and behavioral measures of pain in neonates during painful procedures and has no identified adverse effects. Infants who received skin-to-skin care during painful procedures had a heart rate of 10.8 beats per minute less...
Hypnosis provides small to moderate improvements in surgical pain and burn debridement pain in adults.
Dec 1, 2017 Issue
Topical Capsaicin for Treatment of Chronic Neuropathic Pain in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers]
Based on low-quality evidence, high-concentration capsaicin patches reduce neuropathic pain from herpes and human immunodeficiency virus infection by 30% to 50% compared with the low-concentration capsaicin control group.
Compared with psychoeducation, a single 15-minute session of training in mindfulness or self-hypnosis leads to greater immediate pain relief for hospitalized patients with at least moderate pain at baseline.