ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
The use of anticonvulsants like gabapentin (Neurontin) for painful conditions has increased greatly in recent years. This review finds good evidence that these drugs are not an effective treatment for low back pain with or without radiculopathy, and are associated with an increased risk of adverse events.
Feb 15, 2019 Issue
Otalgia, Preeclampsia, Latent Tuberculosis, Pityriasis Rosea, Extremity Pain [AFP Clinical Answers]
Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.
Acupuncture, with its meridians, chi, and other concepts that do not seem to line up with anything physiologic, is vexing to most of us who trained in Western medicine. However, this meta-analysis, based on data from almost 21,000 patients, found it to be more effective than no treatment and, to a l...
This umbrella review found a modest benefit of cannabinoids for the treatment of neuropathic pain; a greater benefit for the treatment of spasticity and nausea and vomiting; and substantial harms. The studies were extremely heterogeneous in terms of the comparators, dose, duration, and outcome measu...
Nonopioid medications were at least as effective as opioid medications for improving pain-related function over 12 months in adults with severe chronic back pain or knee or hip osteoarthritis pain. The evidence that opioids are not superior to nonopioid medications for chronic and acute pain continues to mount.
Providing high-quality, patient-centered care for those living with chronic pain includes developing a good understanding of the many ways the pain affects their lives are affected by their symptoms and validating their concerns and feelings.
This carefully designed and adequately powered study found no difference in pain reduction between ibuprofen and oral morphine in children with postoperative pain. Adverse effects, however, were much more likely with morphine.
In adults presenting to the emergency department with acute extremity pain severe enough to warrant radiologic investigation, ibuprofen plus acetaminophen was equally effective in reducing pain intensity at two hours compared with three different opioid and acetaminophen combination analgesics.
Physicians should consider nonopioid options for postsurgery pain to avoid the unpleasant effects of of withdrawal and risk of dependence.
Feb 1, 2018 Issue
Effectiveness of Skin-to-Skin Care for Procedure-Related Pain in Newborns [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Skin-to-skin care, also known as kangaroo care, effectively reduces physiologic and behavioral measures of pain in neonates during painful procedures and has no identified adverse effects. Infants who received skin-to-skin care during painful procedures had a heart rate of 10.8 beats per minute less...