ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Pain Management

May 15, 2020 Issue
Equivalent Pain Relief with Different Doses of Ibuprofen [POEMs]

Higher doses of ibuprofen for acute pain relief offer no more benefit at 60 minutes than a single 400-mg dose. The same has been shown for chronic treatment of osteoarthritis. A higher, anti-inflammatory dose is not needed.


Apr 15, 2020 Issue
Ketorolac vs. Morphine for Pain Relief After Fractures [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]

Parenteral ketorolac is as effective as parenteral morphine for short-term pain relief in patients with long bone fractures, and it results in fewer adverse effects.


Apr 15, 2020 Issue
Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain: Unintended Consequences of the 2016 CDC Guideline [Editorials]

Since the 2016 CDC guideline for the use of opioid pain relievers was released, there has been a significant reduction in opioid prescribing, and the guideline has been adopted by state Medicaid agencies, insurers, and others. Widespread implementation of the guideline has had unintended consequence...


Jan 1, 2020 Issue
Tapering Long-Term Opioid Therapy [Curbside Consultation]

My patient is a 54-year-old construction worker who has been taking prescribed opioids for more than a decade for chronic knee and back pain.


Dec 1, 2019 Issue
Gabapentinoids for Pain: Potential Unintended Consequences [Editorials]

The widespread and often indiscriminate prescribing of gabapentinoids is not supported by robust evidence, and it carries known and unknown risks.


Mar 15, 2019 Issue
Gabapentin and Pregabalin Not Effective for Low Back Pain with or Without Radiculopathy [POEMs]

The use of anticonvulsants like gabapentin (Neurontin) for painful conditions has increased greatly in recent years. This review finds good evidence that these drugs are not an effective treatment for low back pain with or without radiculopathy, and are associated with an increased risk of adverse events.


Feb 15, 2019 Issue
Otalgia, Preeclampsia, Latent Tuberculosis, Pityriasis Rosea, Extremity Pain [AFP Clinical Answers]

Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.


Nov 15, 2018 Issue
Acupuncture Effective for Chronic Pain Conditions [POEMs]

Acupuncture, with its meridians, chi, and other concepts that do not seem to line up with anything physiologic, is vexing to most of us who trained in Western medicine. However, this meta-analysis, based on data from almost 21,000 patients, found it to be more effective than no treatment and, to a l...


Oct 15, 2018 Issue
Cannabinoids Somewhat Helpful for Nausea, Maybe Helpful for Spasticity, Probably Not Helpful for Nonneuropathic Pain [POEMs]

This umbrella review found a modest benefit of cannabinoids for the treatment of neuropathic pain; a greater benefit for the treatment of spasticity and nausea and vomiting; and substantial harms. The studies were extremely heterogeneous in terms of the comparators, dose, duration, and outcome measu...


Sep 1, 2018 Issue
Nonopioids Equivalent to Opioids for Severe Chronic Back, Hip, or Knee Pain with Fewer Adverse Outcomes [POEMs]

Nonopioid medications were at least as effective as opioid medications for improving pain-related function over 12 months in adults with severe chronic back pain or knee or hip osteoarthritis pain. The evidence that opioids are not superior to nonopioid medications for chronic and acute pain continues to mount.


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