ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Increasingly, physicians across the country are being asked about medical marijuana. Although marijuana has been around for centuries, there is no consensus on its safety and effectiveness.
Jul 1, 2015 Issue
The Role of Levetiracetam in Treating Chronic Neuropathic Pain Symptoms [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Based on low-quality evidence, levetiracetam was found to be ineffective for the treatment of chronic neuropathic pain symptoms. Moreover, patients who were taking levetiracetam experienced adverse effects at a significantly higher rate than those who were taking placebo.
Learn how to provide safe and effective analgesic relief through the use of pain assessment scales and proper administration of opioid and nonopioid medications.
Family physicians need a basic skill set that includes facilitating discussions on advance planning and goals, identifying and treating depression and anxiety, and managing pain and symptoms at the end of life.
Epidural corticosteroid treatment produces a small and not clinically relevant decrease in leg pain and disability in the short term in patients with sciatica; any difference is gone after one year.
The approach to patients with acute pain begins by identifying the underlying cause and a disease-specific treatment. The first-line pharmacologic agent for the symptomatic treatment of mild to moderate pain is acetaminophen or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). The choice between these...
Jan 1, 2013 Issue
Caffeine as an Analgesic Adjuvant for Acute Pain in Adults [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Overall, there appears to be a small but clinically significant benefit to adding caffeine to analgesic therapy for various types of acute pain. More research is needed to determine the optimal dosing.
Chronic nonmalignant pain affects a significant number of Americans. Concurrent with the increased need for pain management is a considerable increase in the use of prescription pain relievers for nonmedical purposes. Nonmedical use of prescription pain relievers is now the second most common form o...
Compared with other types of analgesia or no analgesia, epidurals offered better pain relief, but were associated with a longer second stage of labor and increased risk of instrumental vaginal delivery, maternal fever, and oxytocin (Pitocin) administration. There were no statistically significant di...
Opioid prescribing for chronic nonterminal pain has increased in recent years, although evidence for its long-term effectiveness is weak and its potential for harm is significant. Nonmedical use of prescription opioids, diversion, and overdose deaths have also increased sharply, sparking concern abo...