ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Find out which tests should be ordered initially, what red flag signs to look for, which pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments are supported by the evidence, and when to refer patients for laparoscopy or long-term opioid therapy.
Find out which history and physical examination findings can help narrow the differential diagnosis, and which imaging and laboratory tests are most helpful.
Diagnosis of pelvic pain in women can be challenging because many symptoms and signs are insensitive and nonspecific. As the first priority, urgent life-threatening conditions (e.g., ectopic pregnancy, appendicitis, ruptured ovarian cyst) and fertility-threatening conditions (e.g., pelvic inflammato...