Jul 15, 2012 Issue
PIDS and IDSA Issue Management Guidelines for Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Young Children [Practice Guidelines]

Previously published guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults have been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality rates. The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) have created new guidelines to address the management of CAP in infants and children.

Jun 1, 2011 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults [Article]

Community-acquired pneumonia is diagnosed by clinical features (e.g., cough, fever, pleuritic chest pain) and by lung imaging, usually an infiltrate seen on chest radiography. Initial evaluation should determine the need for hospitalization versus outpatient management using validated mortality or s...

Dec 1, 2010 Issue
Chest Physiotherapy for Pneumonia in Adults [Cochrane for Clinicians]

There is little evidence to support the effectiveness of chest physiotherapy for adults with pneumonia. In two small studies by the same investigator, only osteopathic manipulation was shown to improve some outcomes (i.e., length of stay and duration of antibiotic therapy).

Oct 15, 2010 Issue
AAP Recommendations on Vaccination Against Streptococcus Pneumoniae Infection [Practice Guidelines]

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) releases recommendations on Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccination. In February 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration licensed a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13; Prevnar 13) for use in children two through 71 months of age. PCV13 will replace PCV7.

Jul 15, 2010 Issue
Clinical Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children [Point-of-Care Guides]

Pneumonia remains a common source of morbidity and mortality in children. A key question in the diagnostic evaluation of children with acute respiratory illness is whether chest radiography should be performed to rule in or rule out the diagnosis of pneumonia. Radiologically, pneumonia is defined as...

Jun 1, 2009 Issue
Treatment of Nursing Home-Acquired Pneumonia [Article]

Pneumonia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in nursing home residents, with 30-day mortality rates ranging from 10 to 30 percent. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of nursing home-acquired pneumonia, although Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative organisms may be mor...

Jun 1, 2009 Issue
Treatment of Nursing Home-Acquired Pneumonia: Dogma vs. Data [Editorials]

Dec 15, 2007 Issue
Telithromycin (Ketek) for Treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia [STEPS]

Telithromycin is similar to clarithromycin with regard to dosing, drug interactions, and effectiveness. It has more frequent and severe adverse effects and is more expensive than other macrolides. Telithromycin should only be used in patients with mild to moderate community-acquired pneumonia caused...

Aug 15, 2007 Issue
Predicting Pneumonia in Adults with Respiratory Illness [Point-of-Care Guides]

Identifying patients with pneumonia (defined as acute respiratory illness with an infiltrate seen on a chest radiograph) is important.

Apr 15, 2006 Issue
Outpatient vs. Inpatient Treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia [Point-of-Care Guides]

CAP often is managed in an outpatient setting, an approach endorsed by evidence-based guidelines from the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA).

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