ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) releases recommendations on Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccination. In February 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration licensed a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13; Prevnar 13) for use in children two through 71 months of age. PCV13 will replace PCV7.
Pneumonia remains a common source of morbidity and mortality in children. A key question in the diagnostic evaluation of children with acute respiratory illness is whether chest radiography should be performed to rule in or rule out the diagnosis of pneumonia. Radiologically, pneumonia is defined as...
Pneumonia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in nursing home residents, with 30-day mortality rates ranging from 10 to 30 percent. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of nursing home-acquired pneumonia, although Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative organisms may be mor...
Telithromycin is similar to clarithromycin with regard to dosing, drug interactions, and effectiveness. It has more frequent and severe adverse effects and is more expensive than other macrolides. Telithromycin should only be used in patients with mild to moderate community-acquired pneumonia caused...
Aug 15, 2007 Issue
Predicting Pneumonia in Adults with Respiratory Illness [Point-of-Care Guides]
Identifying patients with pneumonia (defined as acute respiratory illness with an infiltrate seen on a chest radiograph) is important.
Jun 15, 2006 Issue
Outpatient vs. Inpatient Treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia [Point-of-Care Guides]
CAP often is managed in an outpatient setting, an approach endorsed by evidence-based guidelines from the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA).
Patients with community-acquired pneumonia often present with cough, fever, chills, fatigue, dyspnea, rigors, and pleuritic chest pain. When a patient presents with suspected community-acquired pneumonia, the physician should first assess the need for hospitalization using a mortality prediction too...
Oct 15, 2005 Issue
ACCP Releases Consensus Statement on Outpatient Treatment for CAP [Practice Guidelines]
The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) recently issued a clinical position statement on outpatient management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).
Compared with community-dwelling persons, residents in long-term care facilities have more functional disabilities and underlying medical illnesses and are at increased risk of acquiring infectious diseases. Pneumonia is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this group. Risk factors includ...