ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Oct 15, 2019 Issue
Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children and Pregnant Women: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for elevated blood lead levels in asymptomatic children.
In 2017, it was estimated that more than 500,000 U.S. children had blood lead levels of 5 µg per dL or greater. Primary prevention is possible at the individual level through anticipatory guidance for all parents. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends screening all Medicaid-eligible children at 12 and 24 months, or at least once between 36 and 72 months if not previously screened.
The prevalence and severity of childhood lead poisoning have been greatly reduced since the removal of lead from paint and gasoline in the 1970s. Despite these efforts, approximately 310,000 U.S. children younger than five years have elevated blood lead levels. Health care professionals should perfo...
Poisoning is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, with several million episodes reported annually. Acute medication poisonings account for nearly one half of all poisonings reported in the United States and should be considered in persons with an acute change in mental sta...
Family physicians often manage substance ingestions in children, most of which are nontoxic in nature. Physicians should know the phone number of the poison control center, understand the appropriate initial assessment of suspected toxin ingestion, and recognize important toxidromes. Rapid triage is...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released recommendations on prevention and management of high blood lead levels in children.
The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) has reviewed literature to determine whether adults presenting to the emergency department with acute symptomatic carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning should be treated with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy, and whether clinical or laboratory criteria ca...
Jan 15, 2008 Issue
CDC Reports on Lead Exposure in Women of Childbearing Age [Practice Guidelines]
Poisoning from prescription or illicit drugs is one of the leading causes of death from unintentional injury in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) analyzed data from 1999 to 2004 and found that the annual deaths from poisoning had increased 62.5 percent.
The Committee on Environmental Health of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a policy statement on lead exposure in children.