ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Available data do not support a clinically important benefit of humidified air for symptomatic treatment of children with croup. However, it does not appear to be harmful.
The first step in the evaluation of patients with pleural effusion is to determine whether the effusion is a transudate or an exudate. An exudative effusion is diagnosed if the patient meets Light's criteria. The serum to pleural fluid protein or albumin gradients may help better categorize the occa...
Patients who take oral corticosteroids are more likely to show improvement in their chest radiographs than those taking placebo, although improvements in symptoms and lung function are less certain. The typical dosage used in randomized trials was 20 mg daily or 40 mg every two days tapered over several months.
Hemoptysis is the spitting of blood that originated in the lungs or bronchial tubes. The patient's history should help determine the amount of blood and differentiate between hemoptysis, pseudohemoptysis, and hematemesis. A focused physical examination can lead to the diagnosis in most cases. In chi...
The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) and the American College of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology (ACAAI) have released recommendations to guide physicians in choosing aerosol devices and drug formulations for patients with pulmonary disease.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released recommendations on the screening of newborns for cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is the second most common life-shortening, childhood-onset inherited disorder in the United States, behind sickle cell disease.
Jan 15, 2005 Issue
ACCP Guidelines for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension [Practice Guidelines]
The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) has released evidence-based practice guidelines for the early detection and diagnosis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).
Compared with placebo, treatment with glucocorticoids results in reduced symptoms, less need for treatment with racemic epinephrine, fewer readmissions to emergency departments, and shorter hospital stays.
Spirometry is a powerful tool that can be used to detect, follow, and manage patients with lung disorders. Technology advancements have made spirometry much more reliable and relatively simple to incorporate into a routine office visit. However, interpreting spirometry results can be challenging bec...
Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a manifestation of acute injury to the lung, commonly resulting from sepsis, trauma, and severe pulmonary infections. Clinically, it is characterized by dyspnea, profound hypoxemia, decreased lung compliance, and diffuse bilateral infiltrates on chest radiograp...