ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Rheumatologic

Nov 1, 2006 Issue
Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis [Article]

Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis are common, closely related vasculitic conditions that almost exclusively occur in patients older than 50 years. They may be manifestations of the same underlying disease and often coexist. Patients with polymyalgia rheumatica usually present with acut...


Oct 1, 2006 Issue
Kawasaki Disease: Summary of the American Heart Association Guidelines [Article]

Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis of childhood that predominantly affects the coronary arteries. The etiology of Kawasaki disease remains unknown, although an infectious agent is strongly suspected based on clinical and epidemiologic features. A genetic predisposition is also likely, based on ...


Sep 15, 2005 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis [Article]

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of synovial tissue and a wide array of multisystem comorbidities. Prevalence is estimated to be 0.8 percent worldwide, with women twice as likely to develop the disease as men. Untreated, 20 to 30 perc...


Dec 1, 2003 Issue
Diagnosis of Systemic Lupus Erythematossus [Article]

Systemic lupus erythematosus is a multisystem inflammatory disease that is often difficult to diagnose. Before the diagnosis can be established, four of 11 clinical and laboratory criteria must be met. Antinuclear antibody titer is the primary laboratory test used to diagnose systemic lupus erythema...


Sep 15, 2003 Issue
Diagnostic Approach to Polyarticular Joint Pain [Article]

Identifying the cause of polyarticular joint pain can be difficult because of the extensive differential diagnosis. A thorough history and a complete physical examination are essential. Six clinical factors are helpful in narrowing the possible causes: disease chronology, inflammation, distribution,...


May 15, 2002 Issue
Diagnosis and Treatment of Paget's Disease of Bone [Article]

Paget's disease of bone (also known as osteitis deformans) is a nonmalignant disease involving accelerated bone resorption followed by deposition of dense, chaotic, and ineffectively mineralized bone matrix. The origin of the disease is unknown, and it is frequently asymptomatic; however, the patien...


Mar 15, 2002 Issue
Clinical Utility of Common Serum Rheumatologic Tests [Article]

Serum rheumatologic tests are generally most useful for confirming a clinically suspected diagnosis. Testing for rheumatoid factor is appropriate when rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome or cryoglobulinemia is suspected. Antinuclear antibody testing is highly sensitive for systemic lupus eryth...


Aug 15, 2000 Issue
Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Temporal Arteritis [Article]

Polymyalgia rheumatica and temporal arteritis are closely related inflammatory conditions that affect different cellular targets in genetically predisposed persons. Compared with temporal arteritis, polymyalgla rheumatica is much more common, affecting one in 200 persons older than 50 years. Tempora...


Apr 1, 2000 Issue
Management of Giant Cell Arteritis and Polymyalgia Rheumatica [Article]

Giant cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica are closely related disorders that affect persons more than 50 years of age and cause substantial morbidity. Patients with giant cell arteritis typically have a localized headache, nonspecific systemic symptoms, temporal artery tenderness and a high er...


Aug 01, 1999 Issue
Reactive Arthritis (Reiter's Syndrome) [Article]

Reactive arthritis, also called Reiter's syndrome, is the most common type of inflammatory polyarthritis in young men. It is sometimes the first manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus infection. An HLA-B27 genotype is a predisposing factor in over two thirds of patients with reactive arthriti...


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