ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.
A 10-year-old girl with no significant medical history presents to your clinic for a school physical and well visit. She will begin fifth grade in the fall and actively participated in a summer soccer program at a local sports club. She reports no associated injuries or pain.
May 15, 2018 Issue
Screening for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years.
When compared with observation, bracing significantly slows progression of high-risk curves to the surgery threshold (Cobb angle greater than 50 degrees), with a number needed to treat (NNT) of 4 in the randomized portion of the trial. This benefit is greater with more daily hours of brace wear.
May 15, 2005 Issue
Screeing for Idiopathic Scoliosis in Adolescents: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents and the supporting scientific evidence and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 2d ed.
Adolescent onset of severe idiopathic scoliosis has traditionally been evaluated using standing posteroanterior radiographs of the full spine to assess lateral curvature with the Cobb method. The most tilted vertebral bodies above and below the apex of the spinal curve are used to create intersectin...
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is present in 2 to 4 percent of children between 10 and 16 years of age. It is defined as a lateral curvature of the spine greater than 10 degrees accompanied by vertebral rotation. It is thought to be a multigene dominant condition with variable phenotypic expression...
Case study: MP is a 16-year-old male who presents to your office for his annual health assessment and sports physical. During the course of his examination, you note a mild convexity in the thoracic region of his spine with forward flexion at the hips. Based on your clinical examination, you estimate a lateral spinal curvature of about 5 degrees.