Sleep Disorders

Sep 1, 2018 Issue
Management of Insomnia Disorder in Adults [Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews]

What are the effectiveness, comparative effectiveness, and adverse effects of interventions for insomnia disorder in adults?

Feb 15, 2018 Issue
Light Therapy Improves Behavioral Disturbances, Sleep, Depression in Older Patients with Cognitive Impairment [POEMs]

In this meta-analysis, older patients with cognitive impairment who were exposed to light therapy had moderate improvements in behavioral disturbances, small improvements in sleep quality, and moderate improvements in depression. The authors did not report data on responders vs. nonresponders or on the potential adverse effects of treatment.

Nov 15, 2017 Issue
Home Sleep Testing for Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]

Home portable monitoring can be used as a substitute for in-laboratory polysomnography for the diagnosis of OSA in patients with a high pretest probability. Most patients prefer home monitoring, and clinical outcomes among patients diagnosed by either method are comparable regarding sleepiness, slee...

Nov 15, 2017 Issue
Treating Sleep Apnea with Positive Airway Pressure Does Not Reduce Adverse CV Outcomes or Mortality [POEMs]

The use of PAP for adults with sleep apnea does not reduce adverse CV events or mortality. Patients who experience daytime fatigue at baseline benefit from reduced sleepiness and improved physical and mental well-being. Order sleep testing only in patients with signs or symptoms of sleep apnea who a...

Jul 15, 2017 Issue
Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults [Putting Prevention into Practice]

R.K. is a 52-year-old white man who presents to your office for a preventive health visit. He is overweight and has a history of hypertension and hyperlipidemia, which are stable and well controlled with medication. One of his coworkers was recently diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and ...

Jul 15, 2017 Issue
Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in asymptomatic adults.

Jul 1, 2017 Issue
Insomnia: Pharmacologic Therapy [Article]

Get the latest evidence to help choose between benzodiazepines, z-drugs, melatonin agonists, tricyclic antidepressants, antihistamines, atypical antipsychotics, suvorexant, and antiepileptics.

Jun 15, 2017 Issue
SIDS and Safe Sleeping Environments for Infants: AAP Updates Recommendations [Practice Guidelines]

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updated its recommendations to reduce the risk of SIDS and suffocation, asphyxia, and entrapment associated with sleep, focusing on SUIDs that transpire during sleep in infants one year or younger.

Jun 15, 2017 Issue
Paradoxical Insomnia: Misperception of Sleep Can Be a Tormenting Experience [Close-ups]

Patients with this relatively uncommon form of insomnia have a marked propensity to underestimate sleep duration and overestimate wakefulness relative to polysomnographic measures.

May 15, 2017 Issue
Treatment of Chronic Insomnia in Adults: ACP Guideline [Practice Guidelines]

The American College of Physicians (ACP) has provided recommendations for treatment of chronic insomnia in adults. Treatment, which can include psychological or pharmacologic therapy, alone or combined, as well as complementary and alternative methods, is aimed at improving sleep, distress, and dysfunction.

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