ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Apophysitis and osteochondrosis are common causes of pain in growing bones. Apophysitis is responsible for a large percentage of visits by school-aged children to a health care professional each year for a sports injury. Osteochondrosis diseases are less common. Most apophysitis disorders are self-resolving with conservative management, and many osteochondrosis disorders may resolve with a period of relative rest and close monitoring.
How many clinicians are aware that high levels of physical fitness predispose patients to cardiac rhythm abnormalities? Find out more.
Most running injuries are due to overuse and typically respond to conservative treatment. Learn which tests can help diagnose patellar tendinopathy, patellofemoral pain syndrome, iliotibial band syndrome, Achilles tendinopathy, plantar fasciopathy, and tibial and hamstring injuries, and the recommended treatments for each condition.
Family physicians should be familiar with recommendations regarding the female athlete triad, because prevention and early intervention can significantly reduce morbidity from this disorder.
ACL injury prevention programs reduce the incidence of ACL injuries by at least 50% in a variety of sports, and should be used for all athletes. There is no evidence that any particular prevention program or component is superior.
Several treatments for calcaneal apophysitis may produce modest short-term improvements in pain scores. Heel inserts and prefabricated orthotics may initially improve pain scores and dysfunction, but patients have equal improvement by three months with or without therapy.
Summer months bring an increased risk of gastrointestinal, respiratory, and skin and soft tissue infections in persons exposed to contaminated water. Find out which patients need only supportive care, and which symptoms suggest a more serious etiology.
Given the limited attention paid to the role and importance of physical activity in medical schools and the limited exposure to sports medicine and musculoskeletal problems during residency, many physicians would likely benefit from additional knowledge to improve their ability to prevent and treat injuries from sports and physical activity.
Oct 1, 2016 Issue
Stretching for Prevention of Exercise-Related Injury [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]
Stretching before exercise does not reduce the risk of injury. However, it may slightly reduce postexercise muscle soreness.
The American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) have provided recommendations regarding eligibility and disqualification of competitive athletes with cardiovascular abnormalities. This summary focuses on cardiomyopathy and myocarditis.