Sports Medicine

Nov 15, 2010 Issue
AAP Updates Policy Statement on Athletic Participation by Children and Adolescents with Systemic Hypertension [Practice Guidelines]

The most common cardiovascular condition in competitive athletes is hypertension. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updated its policy statement using new recommendations made in the 2005 36th Bethesda Conference guidelines; the 2004 Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment o...

Mar 15, 2009 Issue
Health-Related Concerns of the Female Athlete: A Lifespan Approach [Article]

Exercise is beneficial for women of all ages and is associated with long-term health benefits and enhanced well-being. Nevertheless, active women and girls are at risk for conditions resulting from sports and exercise participation. Because of their unique physiology, children are more susceptible t...

Nov 1, 2008 Issue
Supplements and Sports [Article]

Use of performance-enhancing supplements occurs at all levels of sports, from professional athletes to junior high school students. Although some supplements do enhance athletic performance, many have no proven benefits and have serious adverse effects. Anabolic steroids and ephedrine have life-thre...

Jul 15, 2007 Issue
Common Problems in Endurance Athletes [Article]

Endurance athletes alternate periods of intensive physical training with periods of rest and recovery to improve performance. An imbalance caused by overly intensive training and inadequate recovery leads to a breakdown in tissue reparative mechanisms and eventually to overuse injuries. Tendon overu...

Apr 1, 2007 Issue
The Athlete Preparticipation Evaluation: Cardiovascular Assessment [Article]

Thousands of young athletes receive preparticipation evaluations each year in the United States. One objective of these evaluations is to detect underlying cardiovascular abnormalities that may predispose an athlete to sudden death. The leading cardiovascular causes of sudden death in young athletes...

Mar 15, 2006 Issue
Childhood and Adolescent Sports-Related Overuse Injuries [Article]

Youth sports participation carries an inherent risk of injury, including overuse injuries. Little leaguer's shoulder, a stress fracture of the proximal humerus that presents as lateral shoulder pain, usually is self-limited. Little leaguer's elbow is a medial stress injury; treatment consists of com...

Sep 1, 2005 Issue
Common Overuse Tendon Problems: A Review and Recommendations for Treatment [Article]

There is a common misconception that symptomatic tendon injuries are inflammatory; because of this, these injuries often are mislabeled as tendonitis. Acute inflammatory tendinopathies exist, but most patients seen in primary care will have chronic symptoms suggesting a degenerative condition that s...

Aug 1, 2005 Issue
ACC Statement on Preparticipation Cardiovascular Screening for Competitive Athletes [Practice Guidelines]

The American College of Cardiology (ACC) has released new eligibility guidelines for competitive athletes with cardiovascular abnormalities and clinical guidelines for preparticipation screening.

Jun 15, 2005 Issue
Health Issues for Surfers [Article]

Surfers are prone to acute injuries as well as conditions resulting from chronic environmental exposure. Sprains, lacerations, strains, and fractures are the most common types of trauma. Injury from the rider's own surfboard may be the prevailing mechanism. Minor wound infections can be treated on a...

Feb 15, 2004 Issue
Poisoning, Envenomation, and Trauma from Marine Creatures [Article]

In the course of their clinical work or during leisure activity, family physicians occasionally may encounter patients with injuries from marine creatures. Poisoning, envenomation, and direct trauma are all possible in the marine environment. Ciguatera poisoning can result from ingestion of predator...

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