Sports Medicine

Apr 1, 2003 Issue
Prevention and Treatment of Common Eye Injuries in Sports [Article]

Sports have become increasingly popular and account for numerous eye injuries each year. The sports that most commonly cause eye injuries, in order of decreasing frequency, are basketball, water sports, baseball, and racquet sports. Sports are classified as low risk, high risk, and very high risk. S...

Aug 1, 2002 Issue
Managing Hypertension in Athletes and Physically Active Patients [Article]

Athletes and other physically active patients should be screened for hypertension and given appropriate therapy if needed. Mild hypertension should be treated with non-pharmacologic measures for six months. If blood pressure control is adequate, lifestyle modifications are continued. If control is i...

Oct 15, 2001 Issue
Groin Injuries in Athletes [Article]

Groin injuries comprise 2 to 5 percent of all sports injuries. Early diagnosis and proper treatment are important to prevent these injuries from becoming chronic and potentially career-limiting. Adductor strains and osteitis pubis are the most common musculoskeletal causes of groin pain in athletes....

Oct 15, 2001 Issue
AAP statement on sports participation in children and adolescents. [Practice Guidelines]

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued a position statement on medical conditions that affect sports participation in children and adolescents. According to the AAP, children and adolescents with medical conditions present special issues in athletic participation.

Jun 1, 2001 Issue
Neurological Complications of Scuba Diving [Article]

Recreational scuba diving has become a popular sport in the United States, with almost 9 million certified divers. When severe diving injury occurs, the nervous system is frequently involved. In dive-related barotrauma, compressed or expanding gas within the ears, sinuses and lungs causes various fo...

May 15, 2001 Issue
Bicycle-Related Injuries [Article]

Bicycle riding is a popular form of recreation among persons of all ages, and related injuries cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most injuries occur in males and are associated with riding at high speed; most serious injuries and fatalities result from collisions with motor vehicles. Althou...

Mar 1, 2001 Issue
Ergogenic Aids: Counseling the Athlete [Article]

Numerous ergogenic aids that claim to enhance sports performance are used by amateur and professional athletes. Approximately 50 percent of the general population have reported taking some form of dietary supplements, while 76 to 100 percent of athletes in some sports are reported to use them. Physi...

Jun 1, 2000 Issue
The Female Athlete Triad [Article]

The female athlete triad is defined as the combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis. This disorder often goes unrecognized. The consequences of lost bone mineral density can be devastating for the female athlete. Premature osteoporotic fractures can occur, and lost bone mineral ...

May 15, 2000 Issue
The Painful Shoulder: Part I. Clinical Evaluation. [Article]

Family physicians need to understand diagnostic and treatment strategies for common causes of shoulder pain. We review key elements of the history and physical examination and describe maneuvers that can be used to reach an appropriate diagnosis. Examination of the shoulder should include inspection...

May 1, 2000 Issue
The Preparticipation Athletic Evaluation [Article]

A comprehensive medical history that includes questions about a personal and family history of cardiovascular disease is the most important initial component of the preparticipation athletic evaluation. Additional questions should focus on any history of neurologic or musculoskeletal problems. A lim...

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