Sports Medicine

Mar 1, 2001 Issue
Ergogenic Aids: Counseling the Athlete [Article]

Numerous ergogenic aids that claim to enhance sports performance are used by amateur and professional athletes. Approximately 50 percent of the general population have reported taking some form of dietary supplements, while 76 to 100 percent of athletes in some sports are reported to use them. Physi...

Jun 1, 2000 Issue
The Female Athlete Triad [Article]

The female athlete triad is defined as the combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis. This disorder often goes unrecognized. The consequences of lost bone mineral density can be devastating for the female athlete. Premature osteoporotic fractures can occur, and lost bone mineral ...

May 15, 2000 Issue
The Painful Shoulder: Part I. Clinical Evaluation. [Article]

Family physicians need to understand diagnostic and treatment strategies for common causes of shoulder pain. We review key elements of the history and physical examination and describe maneuvers that can be used to reach an appropriate diagnosis. Examination of the shoulder should include inspection...

May 1, 2000 Issue
The Preparticipation Athletic Evaluation [Article]

A comprehensive medical history that includes questions about a personal and family history of cardiovascular disease is the most important initial component of the preparticipation athletic evaluation. Additional questions should focus on any history of neurologic or musculoskeletal problems. A lim...

Apr 1, 2000 Issue
Hip Pain in Athletes [Article]

Hip pain in athletes involves a wide differential diagnosis. Adolescents and young adults are at particular risk for various apophyseal and epiphyseal injuries due to lack of ossification of these cartilaginous growth plates. Older athletes are more likely to present with tendinitis in these areas b...

Jan 15, 2000 Issue
Knee Braces: Current Evidence and Clinical Recommendations for Their Use [Article]

Methods of preventing and treating knee injuries have changed with the rapid development and refinement of knee braces. Prophylactic knee braces are designed to protect uninjured knees from valgus stresses that could damage the medial collateral ligaments. However, no conclusive evidence supports th...

Nov 1, 1999 Issue
The "Burner": A Common Nerve Injury in Contact Sports [Article]

A "burner" is a common nerve injury resulting from trauma to the neck and shoulder, usually during sports participation. The injury is most often caused by traction or compression of the upper trunk of the brachial plexus or the fifth or sixth cervical nerve roots. Burners are typically transient, b...

May 15, 1999 Issue
Shoulder Instability in Young Athletes [Article]

Jan 1, 1999 Issue
Snowboarding Injuries [Article]

Snowboarding is a popular winter sport that involves riding a single board down a ski slope or on a half-pipe snow ramp. Compared with injuries resulting from traditional alpine skiing, snowboarding injuries occur more frequently in the upper extremities and ankles and less frequently in the knees. ...

Jun 1, 1998 Issue
Sudden Death in Young Athletes: Screening for the Needle in a Haystack [Article]

Nontraumatic sudden death in young athletes is always disturbing, as apparently invincible athletes, become, without warning, victims of silent heart disease. Despite public perception to the contrary, sudden death in young athletes is exceedingly rare. It most commonly occurs in male athletes, who ...

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