Thyroid and Parathyroid Disorders

Oct 1, 2007 Issue
Hyperthyroidism [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of drug treatments for primary hyperthyroidism? What are the effects of treatments for subclinical hyperthyroidism?

May 15, 2006 Issue
Thyroiditis [Article]

Thyroiditis is an inflammation of the thyroid gland that may be painful and tender when caused by infection, radiation, or trauma, or painless when caused by autoimmune conditions, medications, or an idiopathic fibrotic process. The most common forms are Hashimoto's disease, subacute granulomatous t...

May 15, 2006 Issue
A Swelling in the Neck [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Oct 15, 2005 Issue
Subclinical Thyroid Disease [Article]

Subclinical thyroid dysfunction is defined as an abnormal serum thyroid-stimulating hormone level (reference range: 0.45 to 4.50 microU per mL) and free thyroxine and triiodothyronine levels within their reference ranges. The management of subclinical thyroid dysfunction is controversial. The preval...

Aug 15, 2005 Issue
Hyperthyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment [Article]

The proper treatment of hyperthyroidism depends on recognition of the signs and symptoms of the disease and determination of the etiology. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease. Other common causes include thyroiditis, toxic multinodular goiter, toxic adenomas, and side effects...

Apr 1, 2005 Issue
Screening for Thyroid Disease [Putting Prevention into Practice]

Case study: LF, a 50-year-old woman, requests a “thyroid blood test.” You review the symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism with her and find that she has none of them.

May 15, 2004 Issue
Screening for Thyroid Disease: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for thyroid disease and the supporting scientific evidence, and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, Second Edition: Periodic Updates.

Jan 15, 2004 Issue
Hyperparathyroidism [Article]

Primary hyperparathyroidism is the most frequent cause of hypercalcemia in ambulatory patients. The condition is most common in postmenopausal women, although it can occur in persons of all ages, including pregnant women. If symptoms are present, they are attributable to hypercalcemia and may includ...

Feb 1, 2003 Issue
Thyroid Nodules [Article]

Palpable thyroid nodules occur in 4 to 7 percent of the population, but nodules found incidentally on ultrasonography suggest a prevalence of 19 to 67 percent. The majority of thyroid nodules are asymptomatic. Because about 5 percent of all palpable nodules are found to be malignant, the main object...

Dec 1, 2002 Issue
Darkened Distal Legs [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

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