ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Thyroid and Parathyroid Disorders

Jan 15, 2004 Issue
Hyperparathyroidism [Article]

Primary hyperparathyroidism is the most frequent cause of hypercalcemia in ambulatory patients. The condition is most common in postmenopausal women, although it can occur in persons of all ages, including pregnant women. If symptoms are present, they are attributable to hypercalcemia and may includ...


Feb 1, 2003 Issue
Thyroid Nodules [Article]

Palpable thyroid nodules occur in 4 to 7 percent of the population, but nodules found incidentally on ultrasonography suggest a prevalence of 19 to 67 percent. The majority of thyroid nodules are asymptomatic. Because about 5 percent of all palpable nodules are found to be malignant, the main object...


Dec 1, 2002 Issue
Darkened Distal Legs [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.


May 15, 2002 Issue
ACOG Practice Bulletin on Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy [Practice Guidelines]

Guidelines developed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) discuss changes in thyroid function during pregnancy, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and clinical considerations; and provides recommendations.


Feb 1, 2002 Issue
Subclinical Hyperthyroidism: Controversies in Management [Article]

Subclinical hyperthyroidism is an increasingly recognized entity that is defined as a normal serum free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine levels with a thyroid-stimulating hormone level suppressed below the normal range and usually undetectable. The thyroid-stimulating hormone value is typically m...


Nov 15, 2001 Issue
Treatment of Hypothyroidism [Article]

Thyroid disease affects up to 0.5 percent of the population of the United States. Its prevalence is higher in women and the elderly. The management of hypothyroidism focuses on ensuring that patients receive appropriate thyroid hormone replacement therapy and monitoring their response. Hormone repla...


Jul 1, 2001 Issue
New-Onset Digital Clubbing [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.


Dec 1, 2000 Issue
Myxedema Coma: Diagnosis and Treatment [Article]

Myxedema coma, the extreme manifestation of hypothyroidism, is an uncommon but potentially lethal condition. Patients with hypothyroidism may exhibit a number of physiologic alterations to compensate for the lack of thyroid hormone. If these homeostatic mechanisms are overwhelmed by factors such as ...


Feb 15, 2000 Issue
Thyroiditis: Differential Diagnosis and Management [Article]

Thyroiditis is a group of inflammatory thyroid disorders. Patients with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (also referred to as Hashimoto's thyroiditis) present with hypothyroidism, goiter, or both. Measurement of serum thyroid autoantibodies and thyroglobulin confirms the diagnosis. Subacute granuloma...


Apr 15, 1998 Issue
Hyperparathyroidism [Article]

Hyperparathyroidism is a common cause of hypercalcemia. The hypercalcemia usually is discovered during a routine serum chemistry profile. Often, there has been no previous suspicion of this disorder. In most patients initially believed to be asymptomatic, previously unrecognized symptoms resolve wit...


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