Travel Medicine

Mar 1, 2006 Issue
Altitude Sickness [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of treatments and interventions to prevent acute mountain sickness?

Jun 1, 2005 Issue
Traveler's Diarrhea [Article]

Acute diarrhea affects millions of persons who travel to developing countries each year. Food and water contaminated with fecal matter are the main sources of infection. Bacteria such as enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, enteroaggregative E. coli, Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Shigella are common c...

Jul 1, 2004 Issue
Travel Immunizations [Article]

Advising travelers on vaccine-preventable illnesses is increasingly becoming the responsibility of primary care physicians. The approach to vaccine recommendations should be based on a thorough assessment of the risks for travel-related diseases, the time available before trip departure, and current...

Mar 15, 2004 Issue
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Recognition and Treatment [Article]

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease occurring throughout the Americas from Texas to Argentina, and in the Old World, particularly the Middle East and North Africa. It is spread by the female sandfly. The condition is diagnosed every year in travelers, immigrants, and military personnel. P...

Feb 1, 2004 Issue
Mefloquine for Preventing Malaria in Nonimmune Adult Travelers [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Mefloquine prevents malaria in military personnel, but its effectiveness in a heterogeneous population of civilian travelers is poorly studied. Evidence of side effects is based on spontaneous reports and may underestimate their frequency.

Aug 15, 2003 Issue
West Nile Virus in the United States: An Update on an Emerging Infectious Disease [Article]

West Nile virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus and human neuropathogen. Since the virus was recognized in New York City in 1999, it has spread rapidly across the United States, with human disease documented in 39 states and the District of Columbia. West Nile virus can cause a broad range of clinica...

Aug 1, 2003 Issue
Prevention of Malaria in Travelers [Article]

Malaria is a major international public health problem, responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality around the world each year. As travel to tropical locations increases, U.S. physicians are being asked more frequently to provide recommendations for malaria prevention. An organized approach...

Dec 1, 2002 Issue
Can Melatonin Prevent or Treat Jet Lag? [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Daily doses of 0.5 to 5 mg of melatonin, taken at the target bedtime at the destination for two to five days after arrival, lessen the effects of jet lag.

Sep 15, 2002 Issue
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome: A Zebra Worth Knowing About [Article]

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a severe cardiopulmonary illness most often caused by the Sin Nombre virus, which is transmitted to humans by inhalation of aerosolized particles of rodent excreta or direct rodent contact. Although HPS is more common in the western United States, cases have be...

Sep 1, 1999 Issue
Medical Advice for Commercial Air Travelers [Article]

Family physicians are often asked to advise patients who are preparing to travel. The Air Carrier Access Act of 1986 has enabled more passengers with medical disabilities to choose air travel. All domestic U.S. airlines are required to carry basic (but often limited) medical equipment, although seve...

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