Upper Respiratory Infections

Sep 15, 2019 Issue
Normal Vital Signs and Pulmonary Examination Results Rule Out CAP in Adults with Acute Respiratory Infection [POEMs]

Community-dwelling adults who present to a primary care office with acute respiratory infection symptoms but normal vital signs and normal findings on a pulmonary examination have only a 0.4% likelihood of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

Sep 1, 2019 Issue
Treatment of the Common Cold [Article]

Find out how to distinguish the common cold from other conditions, get tips for managing patients’ expectations and preventing unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions, and get the latest evidence on which treatments are effective for children and adults.

Apr 1, 2019 Issue
Testicular Cancer, Onset of Labor, Respiratory Tract Infection, Thyroid Cancer, Running Injuries [AFP Clinical Answers]

Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

Jul 1, 2018 Issue
Procalcitonin to Guide Antibiotic Therapy in Acute Respiratory Infections [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Procalcitonin-guided antibiotic therapy, when compared with routine treatments, results in decreased mortality in patients with acute respiratory infections (absolute risk reduction [ARR] = 1.4%; number needed to treat [NNT] = 71).

May 1, 2018 Issue
Croup: Diagnosis and Management [Article]

Croup is primarily a clinical diagnosis, with typical findings of abrupt onset of a barking cough, inspiratory stridor, and hoarseness in children six months to three years of age. Differentiating croup from other acute illnesses can be challenging. Find out which clinical signs and symptoms are most accurate for diagnosing croup, and which treatments have the strongest evidence.

Apr 1, 2018 Issue
Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics Increase Adverse Events in Children with Acute Respiratory Infections with Minimal Benefit [POEMs]

Broad-spectrum antibiotics are no more effective than narrow-spectrum antibiotics for treating acute respiratory tract infections in infants and children, and adverse events are significantly more common in children treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Jan 1, 2017 Issue
Interventions to Facilitate Shared Decision Making to Address Antibiotic Use for Acute Respiratory Tract Infections in Primary Care [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Interventions to facilitate shared decision making reduce the prescribing of antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections in the short term (within six weeks of the consultation) without increasing return visits or decreasing patient satisfaction (number needed to treat [NNT] = 6).

Dec 15, 2016 Issue
ACP/CDC Provide Guidelines on the Use of Antibiotics for Acute Respiratory Tract Infection [Practice Guidelines]

The American College of Physicians (ACP) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guideline on appropriate antibiotic use in the treatment of healthy adults with acute respiratory tract infection outlines one of the medical community's top priorities.

Dec 1, 2016 Issue
Interventions to Improve Antibiotic Prescribing for Uncomplicated Acute RTIs [Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews]

What are the effectiveness and adverse consequences of strategies for reducing antibiotic use in adults and children with uncomplicated acute respiratory tract infections (RTIs)?

Oct 1, 2016 Issue
Acute Bronchitis [Article]

Learn how to differentiate acute bronchitis from other more serious conditions, such as pneumonia, and how to avoid unnecessary antibiotic treatment.

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