ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Upper Respiratory Infections
Learn how to differentiate acute bronchitis from other more serious conditions, such as pneumonia, and how to avoid unnecessary antibiotic treatment.
Jul 1, 2016 Issue
Procalcitonin-Guided Antibiotic Therapy for Acute Respiratory Infections [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
A procalcitonin-guided antibiotic therapy algorithm should be used to decrease antibiotic use in adults with acute respiratory infections. The use of a procalcitonin-guided therapy algorithm reduces antibiotic use by 3.47 days without increasing morbidity or mortality in adults with acute respiratory infections.
In almost 400 Spanish primary care patients with mild to moderate symptoms of respiratory infection of less than one week's duration, both a “take-and-hold” prescription and a “come back and pick up, if necessary” prescription produced a similar clinical response—and similar patient satisfaction sco...
Patients with acute LRTI and green sputum or cardiopulmonary comorbidities experience a slightly greater benefit with amoxicillin treatment. That outcome must be balanced against the harms of antibiotics on the individual and population level.
Point-of-care C-reactive protein (CRP) testing used as an adjunct to a physician's clinical examination can modestly reduce antibiotic use. Measurement of CRP to guide antibiotic prescription does not appear to affect the duration of illness or recovery, although one study suggests that it increases the risk of hospitalization.
Oct 1, 2015 Issue
Probiotics for the Prevention of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections [Medicine by the Numbers]
Studies show that probiotics prevented 1 in 8 upper respiratory tract infections and caused no harms. Find out more.
What are the effects of interventions to reduce symptoms of acute infective sore throat?
This guideline on the diagnosis, management, and prevention of bronchiolitis in children one to 23 months of age from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updates a previous guideline published in 2006.
Dec 15, 2014 Issue
AAP Issues Updated Guidance on Palivizumab Prophylaxis for RSV Infection [Practice Guidelines]
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Infectious Diseases has updated its guidance on the use of palivizumab (Synagis) prophylaxis in infants and children at increased risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Because the palivizumab package labeling does not include a def...
Advice regarding the use of steam inhalation, ibuprofen alone or with acetaminophen, acetaminophen alone, and regular vs. as-needed use of analgesics did not show any improved effectiveness in treating symptoms of acute respiratory tract infections. Ibuprofen may be beneficial in patients with chest...