Upper Respiratory Infections

Jul 15, 2012 Issue
Treatment of the Common Cold in Children and Adults [Article]

The common cold, or upper respiratory tract infection, is one of the leading reasons for physician visits. Generally caused by viruses, the common cold is treated symptomatically. Antibiotics are not effective in children or adults. In children, there is a potential for harm and no benefits with ove...

Dec 15, 2011 Issue
Common Cold [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of treatments for common cold?

Nov 15, 2011 Issue
CDC Releases Best Practices for the Use of PCR Testing for Diagnosing Pertussis [Practice Guidelines]

Diagnosing pertussis in the early stages can be difficult, because early signs and symptoms are often nonspecific. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing, a technique used to detect DNA sequences specific for Bordetella pertussis, is used for diagnosis; however, results should be cautiously interpr...

Jul 15, 2011 Issue
Community-Acquired Pneumonia [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of interventions to prevent community-acquired pneumonia? What are the effects of treatments for community-acquired pneumonia in outpatient settings and in persons admitted to a hospital or receiving instensive care?

May 1, 2011 Issue
Croup: An Overview [Article]

Croup is a common illness responsible for up to 15 percent of emergency department visits due to respiratory disease in children in the United States. Croup symptoms usually start like an upper respiratory tract infection, with low-grade fever and coryza followed by a barking cough and various degre...

Mar 15, 2011 Issue
Antibiotics for Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]

Antibiotic therapy does not benefit children with bronchiolitis, the common cold, or nonstreptococcal pharyngitis. If purulent rhinitis is present for more than 10 days, antibiotics shorten the duration of runny nose symptoms.

Dec 1, 2010 Issue
Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Bronchitis [Article]

Cough is the most common symptom bringing patients to the primary care physician’s office, and acute bronchitis is usually the diagnosis in these patients. Acute bronchitis should be differentiated from other common diagnoses, such as pneumonia and asthma, because these conditions may need specific ...

Nov 15, 2009 Issue
Saline Nasal Irrigation for Upper Respiratory Conditions [Article]

Saline nasal irrigation is a safe and effective adjunctive therapy for symptoms of sinonasal conditions, such as chronic rhinosinusitis, viral upper respiratory tract infection, and allergic rhinitis.

Sep 15, 2008 Issue
Procalcitonin-Guided Treatment of Respiratory Tract Infections [Point-of-Care Guides]

Procalcitonin is a precursor to calcitonin. The final step in the synthesis of calcitonin is inhibited by cytokines and endotoxin released during bacterial infections; therefore, procalcitonin levels are selectively elevated in patients with bacterial infections.

Feb 15, 2007 Issue
Treatment of the Common Cold [Article]

The common cold is a viral illness that affects persons of all ages, prompting frequent use of over-the-counter and prescription medications and alternative remedies. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms (e.g., cough, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea). Dextromethorphan may be beneficial in adults wit...

Pages: Previous 1 2 3 4 5 Next

Email Alerts

Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents.

Sign Up Now