Upper Respiratory Infections

Dec 1, 2010 Issue
Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Bronchitis [Article]

Cough is the most common symptom bringing patients to the primary care physician’s office, and acute bronchitis is usually the diagnosis in these patients. Acute bronchitis should be differentiated from other common diagnoses, such as pneumonia and asthma, because these conditions may need specific ...

Nov 15, 2009 Issue
Saline Nasal Irrigation for Upper Respiratory Conditions [Article]

Saline nasal irrigation is a safe and effective adjunctive therapy for symptoms of sinonasal conditions, such as chronic rhinosinusitis, viral upper respiratory tract infection, and allergic rhinitis.

Sep 15, 2008 Issue
Procalcitonin-Guided Treatment of Respiratory Tract Infections [Point-of-Care Guides]

Procalcitonin is a precursor to calcitonin. The final step in the synthesis of calcitonin is inhibited by cytokines and endotoxin released during bacterial infections; therefore, procalcitonin levels are selectively elevated in patients with bacterial infections.

Feb 15, 2007 Issue
Treatment of the Common Cold [Article]

The common cold is a viral illness that affects persons of all ages, prompting frequent use of over-the-counter and prescription medications and alternative remedies. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms (e.g., cough, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea). Dextromethorphan may be beneficial in adults wit...

Jan 15, 2007 Issue
AAP Publishes Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Management of Bronchiolitis [Practice Guidelines]

Bronchiolitis usually is caused by a viral lower respiratory tract infection and most commonly causes morbidity and mortality in infants. The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAP) has published recommendations for the diagnosis and management of bronchiolitis.

Sep 15, 2006 Issue
Guidelines for the Use of Antibiotics in Acute Upper Respiratory Infections [Article]

To help physicians with the appropriate use of antibiotics in children and adults with upper respiratory tract infection, a multidisciplinary team evaluated existing guidelines and summarized key practice points. Acute otitis media in children should be diagnosed only if there is abrupt onset, signs...

Sep 15, 2004 Issue
Telithromycin (Ketek) for Respiratory Tract Infections [STEPS]

Telithromycin is similar to azithromycin and clarithromycin in side effects, dosing, and cost, but with enhanced activity against S. pneumoniae. Although 30 to 40 percent of S. pneumoniae cases are thought to be resistant to penicillin and/or macrolides, additional clinical trials are needed to dete...

Aug 1, 2004 Issue
Bronchitis (Acute) [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of treatment in people without chronic respiratory disease?

Feb 1, 2004 Issue
Viral Croup [Article]

Viral croup is the most common form of airway obstruction in children six months to six years of age. The frightening nature of croup often prompts parents and caregivers to seek physician consultation. For children with mild croup, symptomatic care and mist therapy may be all that is necessary. Epi...

Jan 1, 2003 Issue
Echinacea [Article]

Echinacea is the name of a genus of native North American plants, commonly known as the purple coneflower. The most widely used herbal product in the United States is a liquid extract made from the root of Echinacea purpurea. Because the active component of the plant has not been identified, commerc...

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