Urinary Tract Infections

Sep 1, 2011 Issue
Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Pyelonephritis in Women [Article]

Acute pyelonephritis is a common bacterial infection of the renal pelvis and kidney most often seen in young adult women. History and physical examination are the most useful tools for diagnosis. Most patients have fever, although it may be absent early in the illness. Flank pain is nearly universal...

Jul 15, 2011 Issue
Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]

Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

Feb 15, 2011 Issue
Diagnosis and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Children [Article]

Acute urinary tract infections are relatively common in children, with 8 percent of girls and 2 percent of boys having at least one episode by seven years of age. The most common pathogen is Escherichia coli, accounting for approximately 85 percent of urinary tract infections in children. Renal pare...

Nov 15, 2010 Issue
Urinary Tract Infection in Children [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of treatment for acute UTI in children? What are the effects of interventions to prevent recurrence of UTI in children?

Sep 15, 2010 Issue
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Women: Diagnosis and Management [Article]

Recurrent urinary tract infections, presenting as dysuria or irritative voiding symptoms, are most commonly caused by reinfection with the original bacterial isolate in young, otherwise healthy women with no anatomic or functional abnormalities of the urinary tract. Frequency of sexual intercourse i...

Mar 15, 2009 Issue
Recurrent Cystitis in Nonpregnant Women [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

Which interventions prevent further recurrence of cystitis in women experiencing at least two infections per year?

Aug 1, 2008 Issue
Cranberry Products for Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Over a 12-month period, cranberry products decrease the incidence of symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs), especially in women with recurrent UTIs. Optimal dosage and form of administration (juice, tablets, or capsules) is unclear. There are no studies comparing cranberry juice with antibioti...

Sep 15, 2006 Issue
Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Adults [Article]

A common dilemma in clinical medicine is whether to treat asymptomatic patients who present with bacteria in their urine. There are few scenarios in which antibiotic treatment of asymptomatic bacteruria has been shown to improve patient outcomes. Because of increasing antimicrobial resistance, it is...

Jan 15, 2006 Issue
Treating Adult Women with Suspected UTI [Point-of-Care Guides]

More than 7 million women are diagnosed with urinary tract infections (UTIs) annually, making it one of the most commonly seen conditions in primary care.

Dec 15, 2005 Issue
Urinary Tract Infection in Children [Article]

Up to 7 percent of girls and 2 percent of boys will have a symptomatic, culture-confirmed urinary tract infection by six years of age. Urinary tract infection may be suspected because of urinary symptoms in older children or because of fever, nonspecific symptoms, or failure to thrive in infants. Ur...

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