ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Urinary Tract Infections

Sep 1, 2005 Issue
Urinary Tract Infection in Children [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of treatment of acute urinary tract infection in children? What are the effects of interventions to prevent recurrence?


Aug 1, 2005 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections [Article]

Most uncomplicated urinary tract infections occur in women who are sexually active, with far fewer cases occurring in older women, those who are pregnant, and in men. Although the incidence of urinary tract infection has not changed substantially over the last 10 years, the diagnostic criteria, bact...


Apr 15, 2005 Issue
Screening for Asymptomaatic Bacteriuria: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) last addressed screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria in the 1996 Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 2d ed., and made the following recommendations: all pregnant women should be screened for asymptomatic bacteriuria using urine culture at 12 to 16 weeks' gestation.


Apr 1, 2005 Issue
Antibiotics for Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Prophylactic antibiotics can reduce the number of recurrent UTIs in nonpregnant women while they are taking the medication (relative risk [RR], 0.21; number needed to treat [NNT], 2). No antibiotic was significantly better than others at decreasing the number of UTIs, and all antibiotics caused side...


Mar 1, 2005 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Acute Pyelonephritis in Adults [Article]

There are approximately 250,000 cases of acute pyelonephritis each year, resulting in more than 100,000 hospitalizations. The most common etiologic cause is infection with Escherichia coli. The combination of the leukocyte esterase test and the nitrite test (with either test proving positive) has a ...


Dec 1, 2004 Issue
Cranberry for Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections [Article]

Traditionally, cranberry has been used for the treatment and prophylaxis of urinary tract infections. Research suggests that its mechanism of action is preventing bacterial adherence to host cell surface membranes. Systematic reviews have concluded that no reliable evidence supports the use of cranb...


Jan 15, 2002 Issue
Genitourinary Infections and Their Association with Preterm Labor [Article]

Genitourinary tract infections are one cause of preterm delivery. Prematurity is one of the leading causes of perinatal mortality in the United States. Uterine contractions may be induced by cytokines and prostaglandins, which are released by microorganisms. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, gonococcal cerv...


Oct 15, 2000 Issue
The AAP Practice Parameter on Urinary Tract Infections in Febrile Infants and Young Children [Article]

The Committee on Quality Improvement of the American Academy of Pediatrics developed an evidence-based practice parameter on the diagnosis, treatment and evaluation of the initial urinary tract infection in febrile infants and young children, two months to two years of age. The practice parameter co...


Feb 1, 2000 Issue
Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy [Article]

Urinary tract infections are common during pregnancy, and the most common causative organism is Escherichia coli. Asymptomatic bacteriuria can lead to the development of cystitis or pyelonephritis. All pregnant women should be screened for bacteriuria and subsequently treated with antibiotics such a...


Mar 15, 1999 Issue
Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection and Reflux [Article]

Urinary tract infections in children are sometimes associated with vesicoureteral reflux, which can lead to renal scarring if it remains unrecognized. Since the risk of renal scarring is greatest in infants, any child who presents with a urinary tract infection prior to toilet training should be eva...


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