Urinary Tract Infections

Mar 1, 2005 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Acute Pyelonephritis in Adults [Article]

There are approximately 250,000 cases of acute pyelonephritis each year, resulting in more than 100,000 hospitalizations. The most common etiologic cause is infection with Escherichia coli. The combination of the leukocyte esterase test and the nitrite test (with either test proving positive) has a ...

Dec 1, 2004 Issue
Cranberry for Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections [Article]

Traditionally, cranberry has been used for the treatment and prophylaxis of urinary tract infections. Research suggests that its mechanism of action is preventing bacterial adherence to host cell surface membranes. Systematic reviews have concluded that no reliable evidence supports the use of cranb...

Jan 15, 2002 Issue
Genitourinary Infections and Their Association with Preterm Labor [Article]

Genitourinary tract infections are one cause of preterm delivery. Prematurity is one of the leading causes of perinatal mortality in the United States. Uterine contractions may be induced by cytokines and prostaglandins, which are released by microorganisms. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, gonococcal cerv...

Oct 15, 2000 Issue
The AAP Practice Parameter on Urinary Tract Infections in Febrile Infants and Young Children [Article]

The Committee on Quality Improvement of the American Academy of Pediatrics developed an evidence-based practice parameter on the diagnosis, treatment and evaluation of the initial urinary tract infection in febrile infants and young children, two months to two years of age. The practice parameter co...

Feb 1, 2000 Issue
Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy [Article]

Urinary tract infections are common during pregnancy, and the most common causative organism is Escherichia coli. Asymptomatic bacteriuria can lead to the development of cystitis or pyelonephritis. All pregnant women should be screened for bacteriuria and subsequently treated with antibiotics such a...

Mar 15, 1999 Issue
Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection and Reflux [Article]

Urinary tract infections in children are sometimes associated with vesicoureteral reflux, which can lead to renal scarring if it remains unrecognized. Since the risk of renal scarring is greatest in infants, any child who presents with a urinary tract infection prior to toilet training should be eva...

Mar 1, 1999 Issue
Urinary Tract Infections in Adults [Article]

Urinary tract infections remain a significant cause of morbidity in all age groups. Recent studies have helped to better define the population groups at risk for these infections, as well as the most cost-effective management strategies. Initially, a urinary tract infection should be categorized as ...

May 15, 1998 Issue
Urinary Tract Infections in Children: Why They Occur and How to Prevent Them [Article]

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) usually occur as a consequence of colonization of the periurethral area by a virulent organism that subsequently gains access to the bladder. During the first few months of life, uncircumcised male infants are at increased risk for UTIs, but thereafter UTIs predominat...

Apr 1, 1998 Issue
Evaluation and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Children [Article]

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections encountered by primary care physicians. Although UTIs do not occur with as great a frequency in children as in adults, they can be a source of significant morbidity in children. For reasons that are not yet completely und...

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