Jul 1, 2004 Issue
Asthma [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of treatments for chronic and acute asthma?

Jan 15, 2004 Issue
Treating Acute Bronchiolitis Associated with RSV [Article]

Treatment for infants with bronchiolitis caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) includes supplemental oxygen, nasal suctioning, fluids to prevent dehydration, and other supportive therapies. High-risk children who should be hospitalized include those younger than three months and those with a p...

Jul 1, 2003 Issue
NAEPP Updates Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma [Practice Guidelines]

The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) has published an update of their guidelines on diagnosing and managing asthma. The report identifies a set of 10 clinical activities for reducing symptoms and preventing exacerbations in patients with asthma.

Mar 1, 2003 Issue
The 'Crashing Asthmatic' [Article]

Asthma is a common chronic disorder, with a prevalence of 8 to 10 percent in the U.S. population. From 5 to 10 percent of patients have severe disease that does not respond to typical therapeutic interventions. To prevent life-threatening sequelae, it is important to identify patients with severe as...

Feb 15, 2003 Issue
Recognition and Management of Exercise-Induced Brochospasm [Article]

Exercise-induced bronchospasm is an obstruction of transient airflow that usually occurs five to 15 minutes after physical exertion. Although this condition is highly preventable, it is still underrecognized and affects aerobic fitness and quality of life. Diagnosis is based on the results of a deta...

Jan 1, 2003 Issue
Are Metered-Dose Inhalers with Holding Chambers Better Than Nebulizers for Treating Acute Asthma? [Cochrane for Clinicians]

In the emergency room, MDIs with holding chambers are as effective as nebulizers for delivering beta2 agonists to treat acute asthma in adults and children older than age two. There might be slightly less beta2 agonist–induced tachycardia in children when MDIs with holding chambers are used.

Aug 1, 2002 Issue
Do Children with Acute Asthma Benefit More from Anticholinergics and Beta2 Agonists Than from Beta2 Agonists Alone? [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Children with moderate to severe asthma exacerbations experience improved respiratory function and are less likely to require hospital admission when treated with multiple doses of beta2 agonists combined with anticholinergics. The same benefit has not been proved in children with mild to moderate asthma exacerbations.

Aug 1, 2002 Issue
Environmental Control of Allergic Diseases [Article]

Allergic disease affects millions of persons in the United States. Environmental control measures are essential for persons who are sensitive to dust mite and cat allergens and may be important in persons who are sensitive to cockroaches and fungus. The bedroom is the most important room in which to...

Dec 1, 2001 Issue
Work-Related Asthma [Article]

Work-related asthma accounts for at least 10 percent of all cases of adult asthma. Work-related asthma includes work aggravation of preexisting asthma and new-onset asthma induced by occupational exposure. Occupational exposure to very high concentrations of an irritant substance can produce reactiv...

Apr 1, 2001 Issue
Management of Asthma in Children [Article]

The prevalence of asthma in children has increased 160 percent since 1980, and the disease currently affects nearly 5 million children in the United States. The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program provides guidelines for improved asthma care. The goals of this program are to limit the f...

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