ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Mar 1, 2019 Issue
Myocardial Infarction: Expert Consensus Group Provides Updated Definition [Practice Guidelines]
An expert consensus group of the European Society of Cardiology, American College of Cardiology Foundation, American Heart Association, and World Heart Federation has provided an updated universal definition of myocardial infarction.
The most useful element for ruling in acute MI is chest pain with radiation to both arms, followed by radiation to the right arm. The most useful elements for ruling out acute MI are pleuritic chest pain, sharp pain, and pain reproduced by palpation.
Cardiac troponin T and I are released into the bloodstream when cardiac muscle is damaged. Cardiac troponin tests have been available for decades and are the preferred biomarkers for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, until recently, they lacked sensitivity in the first few hours following an acute myocardial injury.
Although recommended by guidelines and used as a so-called quality indicator of hospital care, the use of beta blockers following myocardial infarction, when combined with optimal acute and chronic treatment, does not provide a further survival benefit.
Optimal management of myocardial infarction in the subacute period focuses on improving the discharge planning process, implementing therapies early to prevent recurrent myocardial infarction, and avoiding hospital readmission. Evidence-based guidelines for the care of patients with acute coronary s...
Aug 15, 2009 Issue
Acute Coronary Syndrome (Unstable Angina and non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction) [Clinical Evidence Handbook]
What are the effects of antiplatelet, antithrombin, anti-ischemic, and lipid-lowering treatments in persons with acute coronary syndrome? What are the effects of invasive treatments?
The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association, in collaboration with the Canadian Cardiovascular Society, have issued an update of the 2004 guideline for the management of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The American Academy of Family Physicians endorses...
Apr 1, 2009 Issue
Heparins for Unstable Angina and Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Compared with standard therapy with aspirin, the use of heparin does not reduce mortality, the need for revascularization, and recurrent angina. Heparin does reduce the occurrence of myocardial infarction (MI; number needed to treat [NNT] = 33), defined as “typical chest pain associated with the app...
Each year, more than 1 million patients are admitted to U.S. hospitals because of unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (UA/NSTEMI). To help standardize the assessment and treatment of these patients, the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association ...
In the guideline developed by the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association, the management of suspected unstable angina and non–ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (UA/NSTEMI) has four components: initial evaluation and management; hospital care; coronary revasculariz...