It’s clear that volume-based, fee-for-service (FFS) care doesn’t adequately support the comprehensive, continuous nature of primary care, and it doesn’t keep costs in check. Value-based care (VBC), by contrast, is comprehensive and longitudinal, prioritizing quality and outcomes over quantity of services provided.
Value-based payment (VBP) promotes that level of care by holding physicians, clinicians, and care facilities accountable for quality and cost through shared financial risk. VBP uses alternative payment models or pay-for-performance arrangements to reinforce health care decision-making by tying compensation to performance measures.
How can you benefit? If you’re in independent practice, the chance to earn shared savings or other incentives directly impacts your bottom line. If you’re an employed physician, it’s a safe bet your employer is considering or already using performance on quality and care utilization measures to determine your compensation. Learn more about available public and private payment models and determine what could work for you and your care team.
Delivering high-value, patient-centered care―as a family physician, that’s simply what you do. Being appropriately paid for delivering that care should be just as predictable. That’s the premise behind value-based payment and care delivery.
The November/December 2021 issue of FPM focuses on value-based care (VBC) and can set you up for success.
To succeed in VBC, you need to cultivate key skills and avoid certain pitfalls. That means knowing how to identify your patients, sort them by risk, and manage their chronic conditions as a team. You’ll also need to ensure you don’t settle for meager payments or lackluster incentives, manage change poorly, or let suboptimal data reporting or coding missteps sidetrack your efforts.
Providing appropriate care management and coordination services to high-risk/high-needs patients will be key to your success. This FPM journal supplement can help you implement care management and coordination in your practice.
Accountable care organizations (ACOs) can comprise almost any combination of physician groups, practice networks, hospitals, and other facilities that agree to share responsibility for the quality, cost, and coordination of care for a defined patient population. ACO programs have been piloted by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and private payers. To achieve shared savings, participants must meet designated quality and performance metrics. Primary care physician leadership can be key to ACO success.
To succeed in any care model in which payment is tied to achieving cost and quality benchmarks, it’s essential for primary care physicians to understand and be comfortable with the type of risk they are accepting in a payment contract. It’s also critical that they have a clear picture of their patient population and that population’s health risks so they can offer appropriate preventive and chronic care management services to optimize health outcomes.
Learn about the three latest payment models putting your specialty at the center of a strategy to ensure that all Americans have access to high-quality, affordable, and person-centered care.
Comprehensive Primary Care Plus (CPC+) is a multi-payer practice transformation model that offers primary care practices an opportunity to receive enhanced, more flexible payment and participate in a robust learning community to better meet patient needs. This CMS-led advanced APM provides upfront payment along with technical assistance. CPC+ offers two tracks: Track 1 for practices building capabilities and Track 2 for those already delivering advanced primary care.
The direct primary care (DPC) model offers the family physician a meaningful alternative to FFS insurance billing, typically by charging patients a monthly, quarterly, or annual fee. This fee covers all or most primary care services, including clinical and laboratory services, consultative services, care coordination, and comprehensive care management. In DPC arrangements, patients gain more time with their physician, and physicians can avoid costly overhead.
The medical home offers an approach to providing primary care that is accessible, continuous, comprehensive, family-centered, coordinated, compassionate, and culturally effective. Care delivered in this setting leverages the partnership between patient and personal physician and, when appropriate, involves the patient’s family. Transitioning to a medical home requires time, commitment, and physician leadership, but it can position a practice to better respond to a changing health care landscape and, ultimately, benefit patients, care teams, and the practice’s bottom line.