Family Medicine Match Rate Increases for Fifth Consecutive Year

Payment Reform Strategies Designed to Drive Student Interest

March 21, 2014 04:42 pm Sheri Porter
[Newly matched family medicine resident Catherine Louw and her fiance Ryan Coe]

Catherine Louw at the University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, celebrates with her fiancé, Ryan Coe, after learning that she'll soon be headed to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Family Medicine Residency.

Following an anxious week of waiting, graduating medical students today learned the results of the 2014 National Resident Matching Program (NRMP), commonly referred to as the Match. Those results spotlight a positive trend for family medicine: For the fifth straight year, the number of medical students choosing family medicine ticked higher than the previous year.

Specifically, 3,000 students, including both U.S. medical school graduates and international medical graduates, chose family medicine; that figure represents a 2 percent increase (62 more positions filled) compared with the 2,938 family medicine spots filled in 2013.

Moreover, of this year's total, 1,416 U.S. seniors matched to family medicine; that's 42 more than in 2013, or a 3 percent increase.

Story Highlights
  • Results of the 2014 National Resident Matching Program show that for five years running, the number of medical students choosing family medicine has ticked higher than the previous year's figure.
  • Also this year, 1,416 U.S. seniors matched to family medicine -- 42 more than in 2013.
  • A total of 70 more family medicine residency positions were offered in 2014 compared with 2013, yet the higher number of students matching into the specialty maintained the same fill rate of 96 percent.

Finally, a total of 70 more family medicine residency positions were offered in 2014 compared with 2013 (3,132 versus 3,062), yet the higher number of students matching into the specialty maintained the same fill rate of 96 percent.

When calculating the number of students matching to family medicine, the AAFP Medical Education Division included students who matched into traditional family medicine residency programs as well as into programs that combine family medicine education with other focused training. Those additional programs are

  • family medicine/emergency medicine,
  • family medicine/preventive medicine,
  • family medicine/medicine and
  • family medicine/psychiatry.

It's worth noting that NRMP statistics do not include applications processed through the Supplemental Offer and Acceptance Program that assists students who were not selected by a residency program during the regular Match.

AAFP President Reid Blackwelder, M.D., of Kingsport, Tenn., called the 2014 Match news particularly encouraging in light of the addition of 70 residency positions this year and the uptick seen in the number of U.S. seniors choosing family medicine.

In an AAFP news release, Blackwelder said he was pleased to see the positive trend continue. "As each new first-year class of family medicine residents grows, so does our ability to meet the need for high-quality primary medical care."

In the release, Blackwelder pointed to new AAFP recommendations about family physician workforce reform that concluded the country would need to graduate 65 family medicine residents annually through 2025 to meet the country's demand for family physicians.

"We need to recognize that our work is far from done," he said in a Match day interview with AAFP News.

Staff in the Academy's Medical Education Division have produced an in-depth analysis of the information available on this year's Match at this time and will publish additional analyses in late spring and fall as more data become available.

Forces Driving Student Interest in Primary Care

Why is the country seeing continued interest in primary care as a career choice?

Blackwelder suggested that the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) served not only as a vehicle for positive policy changes for primary care, but also as fodder for an abundance of news stories that have grabbed the public's attention.

"There has been a lot of media attention about the need for more primary care physicians in the U.S. health care system," said Blackwelder, adding that the positive press likely had some impact on students.

Employment statistics related to family medicine also tell a powerful story. Data from national health care search and consulting firm Merritt Hawkins are clear; for seven straight years, family physicians have been the most sought-after physicians in the country, said Blackwelder.

"It's that kind of evidence that can influence medical students looking for the best career opportunity," he noted.

"I'm going to St. Louis!" says Kenetra Hix at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center School of Medicine in Memphis before she pokes a Match day pin smack dab onto the St. Louis University School of Medicine Family Medicine Residency.

As director of the Academy's Medical Education Division, Stan Kozakowski, M.D., spends a good of time with medical students on their campuses, and it's not uncommon for him to encounter students in the clinical phase of their training who express surprise at family physicians' scope of practice.

"Students often say to me, 'I had no idea that family physicians could do all of that,'" he told AAFP News. "Or, students move through their clinical rotations, love them all and then suddenly, they realize that family medicine provides all of that variety."

Kozakowski noted that family medicine interest groups (FMIGs) -- supported on medical school campuses with funding from the AAFP and the AAFP Foundation -- have helped create and maintain enthusiasm for family medicine, especially when medical students are given opportunities to rub elbows with family physicians at FMIG events.

"When medical students are exposed to family physicians who are passionate about their work, that passion is infectious," said Kozakowski.

Payment Issues Continue to Challenge

All that said, payment for primary care services still is not on par with that of subspecialist physicians, a problem the AAFP continues to address through its advocacy efforts at the federal policy level.

"The most immediate way to get more students to go into family medicine is to increase payment for primary care," said Blackwelder.

Andrea Schuster at the University of Missouri School of Medicine in Columbia smiles and shares a letter that confirms her match to the University of Missouri Family Medicine Residency there.

Provisions in the ACA, including a 10 percent Medicare incentive payment for services provided by primary care physicians, as well the establishment of demonstration projects like the Comprehensive Primary Care Initiative, are spurring progress on the primary care payment front.

Ditto for the ACA's support of teaching health centers designed to train primary care physicians in community-based programs and the expansion of the National Health Service Corps. The latter provides scholarships and loan forgiveness for students who agree to provide primary care services in rural and other medically underserved areas.

"I'm encouraged by the changes we've seen in terms of policy and payment reform," said Blackwelder. "Things are moving in the right direction, but we can't let up, especially when it comes to helping alleviate student debt.

"Every advance we make in payment reform must be celebrated and then our efforts accelerated. We have to keep building on payment reform policies in order to attract medical students to family medicine because we need new family physicians to help build the primary care workforce that this country deserves."

Related AAFP News Coverage
Family Physician Workforce Reform
AAFP Urges Comprehensive Approach to Increasing FP Workforce


Robert Graham Center Research
Building More Medical Schools Won't Solve Patient Access Issues


Match Data Analysis: Small Growth in Primary Care Not enough to Meet Expected Demand

From the Robert Graham Center
State Workforce Projections Document Future Demands for Primary Care Physicians


Additional Resource
The Match: National Resident Matching Program(