Clinical Recommendations by Type

144 Total

A Note About Clinical Preventive Service Recommendations

Read about the development of clinical preventive service recommendations, and a list of AAFP recommendations that differ from the USPSTF.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the USPSTF Guideline for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in men and women.

Abnormal Blood Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Adults - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access the AAFP preventive service recommendations on screening for abnormal blood glucose and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults.

Acute Otitis Externa - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the AAFP-endorsed clinical practice guideline on acute otitis externa.

ADHD in Children and Adolescents - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the AAFP-endorsed clinical practice guideline on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents.

Adolescent Health Care, Confidentiality

Read the AAFP's recommendations regarding confidentiality and privacy when treating adolescent patients.

Adult Sinusitis - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the Clinical Practice Guideline on Adult Sinusitis categorized by the AAFP with Affirmation of Value.

Alcohol Advertising and Underage Alcohol Usage

Read the AAFP's position on alcohol advertising and underage alcohol usage.

Alcohol Misuse - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the USPSTF Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation for Alcohol Misuse.

Allergic Rhinitis

Access the AAFP-endorsed clinical practice guideline on allergic rhinitis.

Annual EKGs for Low-risk Patients - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Don't order annual EKGs for low-risk patients.

Antibiotics

Read the AAFP's position on the appropriate use of antibiotic treatment.

Antibiotics for Otitis Media - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Don't routinely prescribe antibiotics for otitis media in children aged 2-12 years.

Antibiotics for Sinusitis - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Don't routinely prescribe antibiotics for acute mild-to-moderate sinusitis.

Aspirin Use to Prevent CVD and Colorectal Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on Asprin Use to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer.

Asymptomatic Bacteriuria - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on asymptomatic bacteriuria.

Athletic Performance Enhancing Drugs

Read the AAFP's position on the use of athletic performance enhancing drugs.

Atrial Fibrillation - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access evidence-based guidelines on Management of Newly-Detected Atrial Fibrillation.

Atrial Fibrillation - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendations on Atrial Fibrillation.

Autism Spectrum: Children (Aged 18 to 30 Months) - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation)

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on autism for children ages 18 to 30 months.

Bacterial Vaginosis - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on bacterial vaginosis.

Bladder Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on bladder cancer.

BRCA Mutation Testing

The AAFP supports the USPSTF Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation for BRCA Mutation Testing.

Breast Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on breast cancer.

Breast Cancer, Breast Self Exam (BSE) - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access the AAFP preventive recommendations on self breast examination for breast cancer.

Breast Cancer, CBE - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access the AAFP preventive recommendations on screening for breast cancer via clinical exam.

Breastfeeding - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on breastfeeding.

Bronchiolitis - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the American Academy of Family Physician's endorsement of guidelines for the diagnosis and management of bronchiolitis.

Cardiovascular Disease Risk - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendations on coronary heart disease.

Cardiovascular Risk - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the clinical practice guideline on lifestyle management to reduce cardiovascular risk, endorsed with qualifications by the AAFP.

Carotid Artery Stenosis - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on carotid artery stenosis.

Celiac Disease - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on celiac disease.

Cerumen Impaction - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the AAFP-endorsed clinical recommendation on cerumen impaction.

Cervical Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on cervical cancer.

Chelation Therapy

Read the AAFP's position on chelation therapy as a treatment for artherosclerotic vascular disease.

Child Maltreatment Prevention

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on child maltreatment.

Chlamydia - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation -

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on chlamydia.

Cholesterol - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the clinical practice guideline for treatment of cholesterol endorsed with qualifications by the AAFP.

Chronic Kidney Disease - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the AAFP-endorsed clinical practice guideline on Screening, Monitoring, and Treatment of Stage 1 to 3 Chronic Kidney Disease.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Colorectal Cancer Screening, Adults - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access the AAFP clinical preventive service recommendation on colorectal cancer in adults.

Congenital Hypothyroidism - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on congenital hypothyroidism in newborns.

Coverage, Patient Education, and Counseling for Family Planning, Contraceptive Methods, and Sterilization Procedures

Read the AAFP's policy on coverage, counseling, and methods for family planning.

Daily Home Glucose Monitoring for Type 2 Diabetes - Choosing Wisely

Don’t routinely recommend daily home glucose monitoring for patients who have Type 2 diabetes mellitus and are not using insulin.

Dementia - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on screening for dementia.

Dental Caries - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on dental caries.

Depression - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on depression.

DEXA for Osteoporosis - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Don't use dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) screening for osteoporosis in women under age 65 or men under 70 with no risk factors.

Diabetes - Clinical Practice Guidelines

View AAFP-endorsed guidelines for oral pharmacologic management of type 2 diabetes in adults.

Elective Inductions of Labor Between 39 and 41 Weeks - Choosing Wisely

CHOOSING WISELY® RECOMMENDATION UNDER REVIEW

Elective, Non-medically Indicated Inductions of Labor or Cesarean Deliveries Before 39 Weeks - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Don’t schedule elective, non-medically indicated inductions of labor or Cesarean deliveries before 39 weeks, 0 days gestational age.

Fall Prevention in Older Adults

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on prevention of falls in older adults.

Fluoridation of Public Water Supplies

AAFP policy on fluoridation of public water supplies and treatment for children.

Genital Herpes Simplex Virus Infection - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on genital herpes simplex infection.

Genomic Testing for Cardiovascular Disease - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access AAFP preventive service recommendations on genomic testing for cardiovascular disease.

Genomic Testing for Colorectal Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access AAFP preventive service recommendations on genomic testing for colorectal cancer.

Genomic Testing For Venous Thromboembolism - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access the AAFP preventive service recommendation on the use of genomics testing for venous thromboembolism.

Gestational Diabetes - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on gestational diabetes.

Glaucoma - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on glaucoma screening in adults.

Gonorrhea - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on gonorrhea.

Group B Strep - Clinical Practice Guideline

View clinical practice guideline for prevention of group B streptococcal disease in newborns (AAFP Affirmation of Value).

Healthful Diet and Physical Activity to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on healthful diet and physical activity for cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Hearing - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on screening for hearing loss.

Hearing Loss, Deafness, and the Hard-of-Hearing

Learn about AAFP's policy regarding hearing loss, deafness, and hard-of-hearing status.

Hepatitis - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendations on hepatitis.

Hepatitis B Virus Chronic Infection Screening - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access the AAFP preventive service recommendations on screening for Hepatitis B virus chronic infection screening.

HIV Screening, Adolescents and Adults - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access the AAFP clinical recommendations for screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in adolescents and adults.

Hoarseness - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the evidence-based clinical practice guideline on hoarseness (dysphonia) developed by the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery and endorsed by the AAFP.

Hormone Replacement Therapy - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on hormone replacement therapy.

Hypertension - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access evidence-based guidelines for managing high blood pressure in adults, developed by the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC-8) and endorsed by the AAFP.

Hypertension - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on high blood pressure (hypertension).

Hypertension in Adults Over 60

Access evidence-based guidelines for managing high blood pressure in adults over age 60, developed by the American College of Physicians and the AAFP.

Hypertension in Children and Adolescents - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the American Academy of Family Physician's endorsement of guidelines for high blood pressure in children and adolescents.

Illicit Drug Use - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on illicit drug use.

Imaging for Low Back Pain - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Don't do imaging for low back pain within the first six weeks, unless red flags are present.

Immunizations - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access the AAFP preventive service recommendations on immunizations.

Intimate Partner Violence

Read about AAFP's policy on intimate partner violence.

Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse of Elderly and Vulnerable Adults

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on intimate partner violence and abuse of elderly and vulnerable adults.

Iron Deficiency Anemia - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendations on iron deficiency anemia.

Laetrile

Read the AAFP position on the use of laetrile as a treatment for cancer patients.

Lead Poisoning - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on lead poisoning.

Lipid Disorders - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendations on lipid disorders.

Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives

Read AAFP's position on long-acting reversible contraceptives.

Low Back Pain - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the clinical practice guideline endorsed by the AAFP on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain.

Lung Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access the AAFP preventive service recommendations on screening for lung cancer.

Management of Acute and Recurrent Gout

Access the clinical practice guideline endorsed by the AAFP on the Management of Acute and Recurrent Gout.

Medications to Reduce Breast Cancer Risk - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on breast cancer medication.

Neonatal Circumcision

Read AAFP's policy on Neonatal Circumcision.

Neural Tube Defects - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on neural tube defects.

Newborn Gonococcal Infection - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on gonococcal infection in neonates.

Obesity - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendations on obesity.

Obesity and Overweight

Read the AAFP's recommendations for the family physician's role in counseling overweight and obese patients.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on obstructive sleep apnea in adults.

Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Pain

Access the Clinical Practice Guideline on Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Pain categorized by the AAFP with Affirmation of Value.

Oral Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on oral cancer.

Osteoporosis Screening to Prevent Fractures

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on osteoporosis screening to prevent fractures.

Otitis Media - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access evidence-based guidelines for diagnosing and managing acute otitis media, developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics and endorsed by the AAFP.

Ovarian Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on ovarian cancer.

Over-the-Counter Oral Contraceptives

Read the AAFP's position on over-the-counter oral contraceptives.

Pancreatic Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on pancreatic cancer.

Pap Smears - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Don't perform Pap smears on women under the age of 21 or women who have had a hysterectomy for non-cancer disease.

Pelvic Exam or Physical Exams to Prescribe Oral Contraceptive Medications - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Do not require a pelvic exam or other physical exam to prescribe oral contraceptive medications.

Peripheral Arterial Disease - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on peripheral arterial disease (PAD).

Physical Activity in Children

Read the AAFP's recommendation on physical activity in children.

Post Myocardial Infarction Depression - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the AAFP's Guidelines for the Detection and Treatment of Post-Myocardial Infarction Depression.

UPDATE IN PROGRESS

Preconception Care (Position Paper)

Read the AAFP's position paper on preconception care. Preconception care is defined as individualized care for men and women that is focused on reducing maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.

Preeclampsia - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on preeclampsia.

Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted and Blood Borne Infections

Read AAFP's endorsement of strategies for the prevention and control of sexually transmitted diseases and blood borne infections.

Prostate Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access the AAFP preventive service recommendation on screening for prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Screening - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Do not routinely screen for prostate cancer using a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test or digital rectal exam.

Red Blood Cell Transfusion - Choosing Wisely

Don’t transfuse more than the minimum of red blood cell (RBC) units necessary to relieve symptoms of anemia or to return a patient to a safe hemoglobin range (7 to 8 g/dL in stable patients).

Rh (D) Incompatibility - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on Rh (D) incompatibility.

Scoliosis - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on scoliosis.

Scoliosis in Adolescents - Choosing Wisely

Due to recently-published evidence related to screening adolescents for scoliosis, the AAFP has withdrawn this recommendation.

Screening for Carotid Artery Stenosis in Asymptomatic Adult Patients - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Don’t screen for carotid artery stenosis (CAS) in asymptomatic adult patients.

Screening for Cervical Cancer in Women Older Than 65 Years of Age - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Don’t screen women older than 65 years of age for cervical cancer who have had adequate prior screening and are not otherwise at high risk for cervical cancer.

Screening for Genital Herpes Simplex Virus Infection in Asymptomatic Adults - Choosing Wisely

Don’t screen for genital herpes simplex virus infection (HSV) in asymptomatic adults, including pregnant women.

Screening for Testicular Cancer - Choosing Wisely

Don’t screen for testicular cancer in asymptomatic adolescent and adult males.

Screening Pelvic Exam - Clinical Practice Guideline

AAFP-endorsed clinical practice guideline

Screening Pelvic Exam - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Access the AAFP clinical preventive service recommendations on screening for certain gynecologic conditions with pelvic exams.

Screening Pelvic Exams in Asymptomatic Non-pregnant Women - Choosing Wisely

Don’t perform pelvic exams on asymptomatic nonpregnant women, unless necessary for guideline-appropriate screening for cervical cancer.

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Skin Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendations on skin cancer.

Speech and Language Delay - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on screening for speech and language delay.

Suicide - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on suicide risk.

Syphilis - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on syphilis.

Testicular Cancer - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on testicular cancer.

Thyroid Cancer Screening - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on screening for thyroid cancer.

Thyroid Dysfunction Screening - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on screening for thyroid dysfunction.

Tobacco Use in Adults, Including Pregnant Women - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on tobacco use in adults.

Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on this topic tobacco use in children and adolescents.

Tonsillectomy - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the AAFP-endorsed Clinical Practice Guideline for Tonsillectomy in Children.

Treatment of Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the clinical practice guideline endorsed by the AAFP on the Treatment of Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis.

Tuberculosis Infection, Asymptomatic Adults - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on tuberculosis in asymptomatic adults.

United States Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the clinical practice guideline on United States Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, categorized by the AAFP with Affirmation of Value.

Urinary Incontinence in Women - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the AAFP-endorsed clinical practice guideline on Nonsurgical Management of Urinary Incontinence in Women.

Vaginal Birth After Cesarean - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the AAFP clinical practice guideline on vaginal birth after cesarean.

Venous Thromboembolism - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access evidence-based guidelines for Current Diagnosis of Venous Thromboembolism in Primary Care and on Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Hospitalized Patients.

Vertigo - Clinical Practice Guideline

Access the AAFP-endorsed clinical recommendation on Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo.

Visual Difficulties and Impairment - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on visual impairment.

Vitamin D Deficiency - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on Vitamin D Deficiency.

Vitamin Supplementation - Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service recommendation on vitamin supplementation.

Voiding Cystourethrogram (VCUG) for First Febrile Urinary Tract Infection in Young Children - Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely® Recommendation: Do not perform voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) routinely in first febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) in children aged 2-24 months.