• Rationale and Comments

    Opioids and narcotics include drugs such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, fentanyl, and others. Risks related to the use of these drugs include uncontrollable sleepiness and slow or stopped breathing. They are a leading cause of addiction and avoidable death. Opioids may be less risky when used for a short time after some surgeries or when used for pain related to deadly cancers. There are many effective, safer options for neuropathic pain.

    Sponsoring Organizations

    • American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine


    • Expert consensus


    • Neurologic


    • Scholten PM, Harden RN. Assessing and treating patients with neuropathic pain. PM R. 2015;7(11Suppl):S257-69.