• Rationale and Comments

    Informed choice/consent regarding transfusion and other effective methods should be standardized and consistently delivered. Throughout the world, there is wide variation among medical practitioners and hospitals with regard to medical knowledge about the true risks of transfusion, alternatives to transfusion, and the delivery of this information to patients. Outside of the truly emergent clinical situation, transfusion should be avoided or limited when other interventions are available. Alternative strategies include, but are not limited to pharmacologic agents, cell salvage, normovolemic hemodilution, and minimally-invasive surgical techniques.

    Sponsoring Organizations

    • Society for the Advancement of Blood Management


    • Expert consensus


    • Hematologic


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    • Court EL, Robinson JA, Hocken DB. Informed consent and patient understanding of blood transfusion. Transfus Med. 2011;21:183-189.