Background: Upper respiratory infections account for more than 30 million U.S. physician office visits each year; another 28 million visits are made for chronic sinusitis and allergic rhinitis. From a cost and convenience perspective, it is not practical to offer diagnostic imaging for patients with sinusitis who are not candidates for surgical intervention. A red streak resulting from nasal drainage often is visible on the oropharyngeal mucosa. Thomas and Aizin tried to determine whether this red streak in the lateral recess of the oropharynx could be helpful in diagnosing acute sinusitis.
The Study: Patients with nasal symptoms who visited an urgent care center were recruited for the study. Their symptoms included nasal drainage, congestion, obstruction, or facial pain. Patients with self-diagnosed sinusitis also were included. Participants' medical histories and 10 physical examination findings, including sinus transillumination and presence of a red streak, were evaluated. All underwent coronal computed tomography (CT), and the findings were corroborated with a second evaluator. A neuroradiologist interpreted the CT images for air-fluid levels.
Results: Of the 73 patients included, 60 completed the study, and 27 patients were diagnosed with acute sinusitis. A red streak in the lateral recess of the oropharynx was identified in 30 patients. The red streak also was associated with acute sinusitis on CT with a positive likelihood ratio (LR) of 2.11 and a negative LR of 0.44 (see accompanying table).
Conclusion: The authors conclude that the red streak was positively associated with the diagnosis of acute sinusitis, which is a physical finding that has not been studied previously. They note that it is reproducible, simple to evaluate, and requires no special equipment. Transillumination also correlated with the diagnosis, but facial pain did not.
|Maxillary opacity on transillumination||1.89||0.56|
|Facial pain/percussion tenderness||0.59/0.42||1.88/1.88|
|Symptom duration > 10 days||1.89||0.46|