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Am Fam Physician. 2008;77(1):71

See related article on clavicle fractures.

What is a clavicle fracture?

The clavicle, or collarbone, is the bone that runs from your shoulder to your breastbone. A clavicle fracture is a crack or break in this bone. It can happen if you fall on your shoulder or hit directly on the bone.

How is it treated?

You may need to wear an arm sling for several weeks to stop your arm from pulling on the broken bone. The sling rests on the opposite shoulder and supports the weight of your arm on the injured side. Sometimes a “figure-of-eight” dressing is used. This pulls your shoulders back to make sure the bone heals in the right position. If the injury is more serious, you may need surgery.

How long does it take to heal?

Clavicle fractures usually take about six weeks to heal. You may need to avoid contact sports for longer than this. But you can start using your arm again as soon as you have less pain (usually in about two to three weeks). Starting physical therapy a few weeks after the injury may help it to heal.

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