ANTHONY J. VIERA, ALAN L. HINDERLITER
In caring for patients with difficult-to-control blood pressure, reiterate the importance of lifestyle modifications, ensure that adherence to medication regimens is as simple as possible, eliminate or minimize interfering substances, and consider secondary causes of...
STEPHEN M. ADAMS, MATTHEW W. GOOD, GINA M. DEFRANCO
Sudden infant death syndrome is the leading cause of death among healthy infants. Physicians should advise parents that modifiable risk factors include sleeping position and exposure to cigarette smoke. Other topics of discussion should include bed sharing, deformational...
DAVID C. SLAWSON, SEAN W. REED
Treatment decisions should be based on the best available evidence, which should be carefully critiqued for relevance and validity.
FERN R. HAUCK, BRIAN H. NEESE, AMIESHA S. PANCHAL, WENDI EL-AMIN
Identification and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection are essential for the elimination of tuberculosis. Targeted tuberculin skin testing is the most acceptable screening method, and nine months of isoniazid is the treatment of choice.
AAFP Urges Physicians to Stay Up-to-Date on Guidelines for Swine Flu Outbreak | Cost of Diabetes Care, Number of Americans with Diabetes Increases | Medical Groups Endorse Review of Georgia Supreme Court Ruling on Vaccine Injury | AARP Report Shows Patient Dissatisfaction...
FERN R. HAUCK, AMIESHA S. PANCHAL
Active tuberculosis continues to be a major cause of mortality worldwide. In response to the resurgence of tuberculosis in the late 1980s, the Advisory Council for the Elimination of Tuberculosis reaffirmed its commitment to eliminate tuberculosis in the United States, and...
THEODORE G. GANIATS
I often ask my students, “Will two well-done guidelines that are free of commercial bias and that effectively use the same excellent literature come to the same conclusion?” The first thought, especially for those of us who support evidence-based medicine, is “Yes,” or...
ROBERT DACHS, ANDREA DARBY-STEWART, MARK A. GRABER
What are the effects of providing sample medications to patients? It increases prescription costs and causes physicians to use second-line choices.
What are the effects of preventive interventions in women at risk of preeclampsia? What are the effects of interventions in women who develop mild to moderate hypertension during pregnancy? What are the effects of interventions in women who develop severe preeclampsia or very...
IRIS R. MABRY-HERNANDEZ
H.H., a 25-year-old woman, comes to your office with her six-month-old son during her first trimester of pregnancy. She is taking a prenatal vitamin and asks whether she should also take an iron supplement. There is a family history of anemia, and H.H. would like to be tested...
VIBHUTI ANSAR, JOHN BUCHOLTZ
A 56-year-old woman presented with a rash on her arms and legs (Figures 1 and 2) that had persisted for one week. The patient had recently done yard work while wearing shorts and a T-shirt. The day after working in her yard, she felt extreme heat and pruritus on her forearm....
The American Heart Association (AHA) has released a scientific statement and recommendations about cardiovascular monitoring and the use of stimulants in children suspected or known to have heart disease.
Guideline source: American Academy of Pediatrics
Tuberculosis, or TB, is a disease caused by bacteria (germs). It usually attacks the lungs, but it can also attack other parts of your body, such as the brain, bones, and kidneys. If not treated, TB can cause serious illness or death.
SIDS, or sudden infant death syndrome, is the sudden death of a baby younger than one year. About 2,200 babies in the United States die each year from SIDS. It is the leading cause of death among healthy babies.
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