CDC Issues Guidance for Physicians As Latest MERS Case Is Reported
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported the third case of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus infection in the United States just five days after the second case was confirmed. The latest case (as of press time) marks the first time that a clear face-to-face connection was established between the patient and the person with the nation's first case of imported MERS. Unlike the first two patients infected, the third—an Illinois resident—never became ill and sought no medical treatment. Nevertheless, the CDC warned that precautions should be taken to avoid exposure to the virus. Patients who should be evaluated for MERS are those with fever and pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome who recently traveled to or near the Arabian Peninsula or who have been in close contact with a symptomatic person with such a travel history. In addition, any person who is part of a cluster of patients with severe acute respiratory illness of unknown etiology in which MERS is being evaluated should be assessed for the virus. As of May 16, 2014, 572 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS had been reported in 15 countries. For more information, go to https://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20140520mers-cov.html.
EDITOR'S NOTE: After this issue of American Family Physician went to press, the CDC corrected its initial report about this case. Additional blood samples from this patient tested negative for the MERS virus when a more definitive test was used. Based on these results, the CDC concluded that the man was not infected. For more information, go to http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2014/p0528-mers.html.
Family Physicians in Rural Areas Could Get Pay Hike Under New Medicare Rule
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has issued a final rule that establishes a new Medicare prospective payment system for federally qualified health centers. The rule is expected to increase payments and potentially improve access to care for an estimated 21 million patients. Beginning October 1, 2014, federally qualified health centers will receive a single payment for all services provided to each patient in a single day, with some exceptions. Under the new system, some facilities could receive as much as a 32% increase in payments for care provided to Medicare beneficiaries. Federally qualified health centers are safety net institutions that are typically located in medically underserved areas such as impoverished urban neighborhoods or remote rural locations. A component of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the new payment model is intended to support a more coordinated approach to medical care while moving away from the traditional fee-for-service payment method. For more information, go to https://www.aafp.org/news/government-medicine/20140514fqhcpayhike.html.
Diabetes Complications Decline Despite Increase in Disease Prevalence
Although the number of U.S. adults diagnosed with diabetes mellitus more than tripled from 1990 to 2010, rates of five diabetes-related complications declined during that time, according to a recent study. These complications include the incidence of lower-extremity amputation, end-stage renal disease, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and deaths from hyperglycemic crisis. According to CDC researchers, possible reasons for the decline include an increased emphasis on integrated care management for patients with chronic diseases that incorporates team-based care, patient education in disease management, and clinical decision-making support paired with enhanced patient self-management of risk factors. The greatest relative decreases in complications were observed for acute myocardial infarction and death from hyperglycemic crisis, both of which declined by about two-thirds, according to the study. The largest declines in complications were observed among adults 75 years and older, with the exception of end-stage renal disease, which declined in adults 20 to 64 years of age, but not in those older than 64 years. For more information, go to https://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20140505diabetescomps.html.
Study: Concussion Rates in High School Athletes Doubled Over Seven Years
Concussion rates among U.S. high school students increased from 0.23 to 0.51 per 1,000 athlete exposures between 2005 and 2012, according to a recently published study. Researchers analyzed data from the High School Reporting Information Online injury surveillance system, which contains data from 100 U.S. high schools that have at least one certified athletic trainer on staff. The upward trend in reported concussions is most likely a result of heightened national awareness of concussions, particularly given that the rates went up most steeply after the 2008–09 academic year, when states began passing legislation promoting education about concussions, the researchers said. The study was published in the April 16, 2014, issue of the American Journal of Sports Medicine and is available at http://ajs.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/04/14/0363546514530091.abstract.
— AFP and AAFP NEWS staff