There are many superficial bursae in the body, but only olecranon, prepatellar, superficial infrapatellar, and superficial calcaneal bursitis have been reported. Diagnosis is usually based on clinical presentation, with a particular focus on signs of septic bursitis. Bursal...
TIMOTHY L. SWITAJ, SCOTT R. CHRISTENSEN, DEAN M. BREWER
Acute coronary syndrome, the most common cause of death in the United States, comprises two clinical presentations: ST elevation myocardial infarction and non–ST elevation acute coronary syndrome. Initial medical management includes antiplatelet therapy and anticoagulation...
ALEXANDER K.C. LEUNG, ALEX H.C. WONG, STEFANI S.N. BARG
Proteinuria is usually benign; however, persistent proteinuria may be associated with more serious renal diseases. Proteinuria may also be an independent risk factor for the progression of chronic kidney disease in children. Proteinuria can be categorized as glomerular,...
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DOUGLAS K. OWENS
In April 2016, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) updated its recommendation on the use of aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Because emerging evidence suggested that aspirin may also be useful for the prevention of cancer, for the first time, the...
JAVIDHYA DASARATHY, VANESSA YEH, ARJUN SUNNY DHOOPAR
A 25-year-old Hispanic woman delivered at 40 weeks' gestation by spontaneous vaginal delivery. Prenatal care was started late at 28 weeks' gestation, and routine laboratory screening showed no abnormalities. Prenatal ultrasonography at 29 weeks' gestation showed a horseshoe,...
ALLEN F. SHAUGHNESSY
ALLEN F. SHAUGHNESSY
SABESAN KARUPPIAH, KATARZYNA POMIANOWSKI
Rifaximin has good overall tolerability. A relatively short course of treatment results in sustained clinical benefit for at least 10 weeks, eliminating the need for continued therapy, with an NNT of 10. However, it is expensive and should be reserved for patients who cannot...
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviews and updates the childhood immunization schedule annually to reflect recently published updates or corrections from the previous year. The 2017 childhood...
Each year the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviews and updates the adult immunization schedule to incorporate any published updates or corrections from the previous year. The 2017 adult immunization...
The USPSTF recommends screening for colorectal cancer starting at age 50 years and continuing until age 75 years.
Bursitis (ber-CY-tuss) is a swelling of a bursa. A bursa is a small sac that is just below the skin. These sacs are filled with fluid. They are located behind the bony point of an elbow, in front of the kneecap, and behind the heel bone.
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