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Am Fam Physician. 2022;105(6):665-666

Author disclosure: No relevant financial relationships.

Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) is a specific MRI test used to detect and evaluate prostate cancer. It requires additional radiologist training and sequences not routinely performed in anatomic imaging, such as diffusion-weighted and dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging.1 The National Comprehensive Cancer Network and the American Urological Association support using mpMRI for risk stratification before the first prostate biopsy, to perform targeted prostate biopsy, and in active surveillance.2,3
TestIndicationPopulation and frequencyCost*
Multiparametric magnetic resonance imagingRisk stratification for targeted biopsy; active surveillance of low-risk prostate cancerPatients 50 years or older with suspected or known prostate cancer, frequency of test varies$275 to $444
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This series is coordinated by Natasha Pyzocha, DO, contributing editor.

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