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Am Fam Physician. 2022;106(6):online

Author disclosure: No relevant financial relationships.

Details for This Review

Study Population: People two to 21 years of age with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5) or the International Classification of Diseases, 11th ed. (ICD-11). More than one-half of the studies were conducted in North America or Asia. Most participants were males between two and 12 years of age. The studies included people with a range of mild to severe autism.1

Efficacy End Points: Global autism improvement, social interactions, nonverbal communication, verbal communication, quality of life, total autism symptom severity

Harm End Points: Hospitalization, other institutional stays, and adverse events reported by parents

BenefitsHarms
1 in 11 autistic people at low risk and 1 in 6 at high risk demonstrated global autism improvement after receiving music therapyNo adverse events were reported for the study intervention
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This series is coordinated by Christopher W. Bunt, MD, AFP assistant medical editor, and the NNT Group.

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