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    Dysphonia is any alteration of voice quality or vocal effort that impairs communication and affects quality of life. In patients with dysphonia, voice qualities often are described as tremulous, hoarse, strained, or raspy, with altered pitch, breathiness, or vocal fatigue....

    Temporomandibular Disorders

    Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) is a collective term for a group of heterogeneous musculoskeletal and neuromuscular conditions involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) complex, masticatory muscles, and surrounding osseous structures. TMDs affect 5% to 12% of the US...

    Common Nontraumatic Dental Conditions

    Dental and oral health conditions are widespread in the US population. Among children and teenagers, 46% have dental cavities; among adults, more than 90% have cavities and 46% have periodontal disease. In 2015, more than $117 billion was spent on dental care in the United...

    Common Ear Conditions

    Ear pain (otalgia) is a common reason for visits to family physician offices and emergency departments. Otalgia is primary when the pathology originates from the ear, and is secondary for disease processes associated with otalgia and an ear examination with normal findings....



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