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    Key Practice Recommendations


    Occupational Lung Diseases

    Occupational lung diseases are caused by workplace inhalation of chemicals, dusts, or fumes. They include asbestosis, silicosis, coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP), and occupational asthma. These diseases have nonspecific respiratory symptoms and are only identified if an...


    Sarcoidosis is a systemic condition characterized by formation of granulomas that can involve many organ systems, with the lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes involved in more than 90% of cases. Sarcoidosis also can involve the cardiac, ocular, hepatic, dermatologic, and...

    Fungal Respiratory Infections

    Coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, and aspergillosis are all caused by inhaling a soil fungus. Most patients with coccidioidomycosis, which is endemic to California and Arizona, are asymptomatic, but 40% have influenzalike symptoms that frequently resolve without treatment....

    Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of infectious disease-related mortality worldwide, affecting 1.7 billion individuals with 9,000 new cases annually in the United States. Disease burden in the United States is greatest among immigrants from areas with high TB rates (eg,...



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