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  • Describe the major types of dementia, their risk factors, and their similarities and differences.

  • Identify the signs and symptoms of cognitive impairment in older adults.

  • Evaluate patients with cognitive impairment, using validated cognitive assessment tools along with other clinical information.

  • Summarize indications for cholinesterase inhibitors or memantine for patients with dementia, and discuss when such treatments should be discontinued, based on an assessment of meaningful benefit and adverse drug effects.

  • Describe exercise and other lifestyle interventions for patients with dementia.

  • Discuss advance care planning for patients with dementia early in the disease course before patients lose decision-making capacity.

  • Address caregiver burden by providing support and resources for caregivers and family members of patients with dementia.

  • Summarize supports for caregivers when patients with dementia need to retire from driving due to safety issues.

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