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Clinical Briefs - Apr 15, 2002 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2002 - ...to extend through the summer of 2002. Vaccines in short supply include varicella; measles, mumps, and rubella; diphtheria/tetanus/acellular pertussis; and pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. According to the CDC, reasons for the shortage include production delays and government...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0415/p1690.html

Clinical Briefs - Aug 15, 2002 - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2002 - ...Supplies of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine, and measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine in the United States have become sufficient to permit the resumption of the routine schedule for DTaP and MMR use as recommended by the Advisory Committee...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/p690.html

Clinical Briefs - Dec 01, 1998 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - ...combination vaccine containing Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine and diphtheria and tetanus toxoid and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine is for use in toddlers (ages 15 to 18 months). The FDA emphasizes that the approved Hib conjugate vaccines and DTaP vaccines...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p2171.html

Clinical Briefs - Jan 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2003 - ...Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Pediarix, a combination vaccine that contains diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine adsorbed (DTaP), hepatitis B vaccine (recombinant), and inactivated polio-virus vaccine (IPV) for administration as one...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p427.html

Clinical Briefs - Jul 1, 2000 - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2000 - ...influenzae type b vaccine and one dose of measles-containing vaccine. Coverage with four doses of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine/diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and three doses of hepatitis B vaccine was the highest ever reported (84 and 87 percent,...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0701/p241.html

Clinical Briefs - Sep 15, 2002 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2002 - ...Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP) No2 Tetanus and Diphtheria Toxoids (Td) No Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)1 See note3 Inactivated Polio (IPV) No Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) No2 Varicella No Pneumococcal...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0915/p1110.html

Colonic Diverticular Disease - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - What are the effects of treatments for uncomplicated diverticular disease and what treatments prevent complications? What are the effects of treatments for acute diverticulitis?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1163.html

Combination Vaccines for Childhood Immunization - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - An increasing number of new and improved vaccines to prevent childhood diseases are being introduced. Combination vaccines represent one solution to the problem of increased numbers of injections during single clinic visits. This statement provides general guidance on the use of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2565.html

Common Eye Emergencies - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2013 - Ocular emergencies such as retinal detachments, mechanical globe injuries, and chemical injuries can cause permanent vision loss if they are not recognized and treated promptly. Family physicians should be familiar with the signs and symptoms associated with each condition, and be able ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p515.html

Common Questions About Wound Care

Date xx, xxxx Scientific

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/afp20150115p86.pdf

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - Community-acquired pneumonia is a potentially serious infection in children and often results in hospitalization. The diagnosis can be based on the history and physical examination results in children with fever plus respiratory signs and symptoms. Chest radiography and rapid viral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p661.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2021 - In the United States, pneumonia is the most common cause of hospitalization in children. Even in hospitalized children, community-acquired pneumonia is most likely of viral etiology, with respiratory syncytial virus being the most common pathogen, especially in children younger than two...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/1200/p618.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2004 - Community-acquired pneumonia is one of the most common serious infections in children, with an annual incidence of 34 to 40 cases per 1,000 children in Europe and North America. When diagnosing community-acquired pneumonia, physicians should rely mainly on the patient's history and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p899.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children - American Family Physician

...of CAP in older children and adolescents.10,11 Pertussis should be considered in all children with CAP, especially if immunizations are not current. Mycobacterium tubercu- losis also may cause CAP in children at risk for exposure. Coinfection with two or more microbial agents is...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/afp20040901p899.pdf

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2015 - ...and pertussis vaccine. The article should have stated that there is a small but real association between febrile seizures and concurrent administration of influenza plus pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine and/or diphtheria and tetanus toxoids, and acellular pertussis (DTaP)...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p353.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2014 - ...toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination in pregnant women. The article Recommendations for Preconception Counseling and Care (p. 499) contained an error in the second column (Recommendations) of the second to last row (Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis) of Table 2 (p. 501)....

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p316a.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2002 - ...was used for pertussis vaccine administered at the same time as diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. The correct abbreviation is DTaP. The text should read as follows: When administered at the same time as diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) at a...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p799a.html

Cough: Diagnosis and Management - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - On a typical day, a family physician will see at least one patient presenting with cough. Information on the diagnosis and management of coughs is available from the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p567.html

Diagnosis and Management of Acute Bronchitis - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - Acute bronchitis is one of the top 10 conditions for which patients seek medical care. Physicians show considerable variability in describing the signs and symptoms necessary to its diagnosis. Because acute bronchitis most often has a viral cause, symptomatic treatment with protussives,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2039.html

Diagnosis and Management of Acute Bronchitis -- American Family Physician

...Bacteria: Bordatella pertussis, Bordatella parapertussis, Branhamella catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, atypical bacteria (e.g., Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Legionella species) Yeast and fungi: Blastomyces dermatitidis, Candida...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/afp20020515p2039.pdf

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Bronchitis

...more than 90 percent of acute bronchitis infections. Antibiotics are gener- ally not indicated for bronchitis, and should be used only if pertussis is suspected to reduce transmission or if the patient is at increased risk of developing pneumonia (e.g., patients 65 years or older)....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/afp20101201p1345.pdf

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Bronchitis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2010 - Cough is the most common symptom bringing patients to the primary care physician’s office, and acute bronchitis is usually the diagnosis in these patients. Acute bronchitis should be differentiated from other common diagnoses, such as pneumonia and asthma, because these conditions may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1345.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Pyelonephritis in Women - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2011 - Acute pyelonephritis is a common bacterial infection of the renal pelvis and kidney most often seen in young adult women. History and physical examination are the most useful tools for diagnosis. Most patients have fever, although it may be absent early in the illness. Flank pain is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p519.html

Diary from a Week in Practice - Apr 1, 1998 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1998 - ...If you are still using diphtheria, tetanus, whole cell pertussis vaccine (DTwP) instead of diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP), a recent poster presentation at the Pediatric Academic Society in Washington, D.C., will be of interest to you. This poster...

American Family Physician : Diary from a Week in Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1526.html

Diary of a Family Physician - Dec 15, 2020 - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2020 - First-person accounts from the front lines of family medicine.

American Family Physician : Diary of a Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p758.html

Diuretics for Treatment of Patients with Heart Failure? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2006 - Compared with other active medications, diuretics can improve exercise capacity in patients with heart failure by about 30 percent. Withdrawal of diuretic therapy from patients with heart failure may increase the risk of hospital readmission or death. About eight deaths are prevented ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p411.html

Dog and Cat Bites - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2014 - Animal bites account for 1% of all emergency department visits in the United States and more than $50 million in health care costs per year. Most animal bites are from a dog, usually one known to the victim. Most dog bite victims are children. Bite wounds should be cleaned, copiously ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p239.html

Dog and Cat Bites<FEFF>

...Prevention. Preventing tetanus, diphtheria, and pertus- sis among adults: use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and recommendation of ACIP, supported by the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/afp20140815p239.pdf

Essentials of Skin Laceration Repair - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2008 - Skin laceration repair is an important skill in family medicine. Sutures, tissue adhesives, staples, and skin-closure tapes are options in the outpatient setting. Physicians should be familiar with various suturing techniques, including simple, running, and half-buried mattress (corner)...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1015/p945.html

Evaluation and Management of Apparent Life-Threatening Events in Children - American ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Apparent life-threatening event syndrome predominantly affects children younger than one year. This syndrome is characterized by a frightening constellation of symptoms in which the child exhibits some combination of apnea, change in color, change in muscle tone, coughing, or gagging. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2301.html

Evaluation and Management of Apparent Life-Threatening Events in Children - American ...

...Recommended diagnostic tests with high yield include complete blood count, serum bicarbonate and lactate, urinalysis, chest radiography, pertussis and respiratory syncytial virus samples, and gastroesophageal reflux disease investigations. C 4 Home monitoring is recommended...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/afp20050615p2301.pdf

Evaluation of Apparent Life-threatening Events in Infants - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries -...

Jul 1, 2007 - A comprehensive, detailed history and physical examination with pulse oximetry and nondilated funduscopy (to look for traumatic retinal hemorrhage) helps to determine the underlying etiology of an ALTE in 70 percent of infants.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p124.html

Evaluation of Patients with Leukocytosis

...per L]) can occur in patients with pertussis, syphilis, viral infections, hypersensitivity reactions, and certain subtypes of leukemia or lymphoma. Lymphocytosis is more likely to be benign in children than in adults.4 Epstein-Barr virus infection, tuberculosis or fungal disease,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/afp20151201p1004.pdf

Evaluation of Patients with Leukocytosis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2015 - An elevated white blood cell count has many potential etiologies, including malignant and nonmalignant causes. It is important to use age- and pregnancy-specific normal ranges for the white blood cell count. A repeat complete blood count with peripheral smear may provide helpful ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1004.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough

...that is accom- panied by an inspiratory whooping sound (in young children), coughing paroxysms, or post-tussive emesis.3 The incidence of pertussis has been increasing since 2007. Booster immunizations should be administered to persons 18 to 64 years of age and to those 65 years...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/afp20111015p887.pdf

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - Initial evaluation of the patient with chronic cough (i.e., of more than eight weeks’ duration) should include a focused history and physical examination, and in most patients, chest radiography. Patients who are taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor should switch to a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p887.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Cough - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - Patients with chronic cough should avoid exposure to irritants that can trigger cough, and those who smoke should stop smoking. Patients who develop chronic cough in association with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy should be switched to an agent from another drug class. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2159.html

Eye Emergencies - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - Central retinal artery occlusions, chemical injuries, mechanical globe injuries, and retinal detachments are eye emergencies that can result in permanent vision loss if not treated urgently. Family physicians should be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of each condition and be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/p539.html

Family Physicians and Immunizations - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - ...Substituting tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine for one dose of the 10-year Td booster through age 64. Using alternative vaccination strategies if needed to ensure that high-risk adults are immunized against hepatitis B. Given the...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2027.html

Family Practice International - Feb 15, 1998 - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1998 - ...immunodeficiency syndrome, malaria, schistosomiasis and dengue fever. Quadrivalent infant vaccines with diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and hepatitis B are under development, as are vaccines that incorporate injectable polio components. Combined hepatitis A and B vaccines are...

American Family Physician : Family Practice International

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0215/p860.html

Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation, and Prognosis

...toxoids and whole-cell pertussis (DTP); and measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR).13-15 A Cochrane review and a review of 530,000 chil- dren receiving the MMR vaccine showed that the risk of febrile seizures increased only dur- ing the first two weeks after vaccination, was small (an...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/afp20120115p149.pdf

Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation, and Prognosis - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2019 - A febrile seizure is a seizure occurring in a child six months to five years of age that is accompanied by a fever (100.4°F or greater) without central nervous system infection. Febrile seizures are classified as simple or complex. A complex seizure lasts 15 minutes or more, is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p445.html

Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation, and Prognosis - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2012 - Febrile seizures are common in the first five years of life, and many factors that increase seizure risk have been identified. Initial evaluation should determine whether features of a complex seizure are present and identify the source of fever. Routine blood tests, neuroimaging, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p149.html

February 2022 - American Family Physician

...AFP Clinical Answers: Hypertension, Pertussis, Splenomegaly, Breast Cancer, SGLT2 Inhibitors, Blood Pressure Monitoring Graham Center Policy One-Pagers: The National Health Service Corps at 50 Years - Free Full Text Adrian N. Billings; Yalda Jabbarpour; Jack Westfall...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0200/

February 2022 - American Family Physician

...AFP Clinical Answers: Hypertension, Pertussis, Splenomegaly, Breast Cancer, SGLT2 Inhibitors, Blood Pressure Monitoring Graham Center Policy One-Pagers: The National Health Service Corps at 50 Years - Free Full Text Adrian N. Billings; Yalda Jabbarpour; Jack Westfall...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0200

Foreign Bodies in the Skin: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2020 - Foreign bodies may be introduced into the skin through lacerations and soft tissue wounds. Long-term complications of retained foreign bodies include chronic pain and neurovascular impairment. Wound exploration and initial imaging with radiography or ultrasonography should be considered...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p740.html

GERD Treatment for Chronic Nonspecific Cough in Children and Adults

...Cochrane Briefs Acellular Vaccines for Preventing Pertussis in Children Clinical Question Are acellular vaccines as safe and effective as whole-cell vaccines for preventing pertussis (whooping cough) in children? Evidence-Based Answer Multicomponent (i.e., three or more) acel-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/afp20110901p504.pdf

GERD Treatment for Chronic Nonspecific Cough in Children and Adults - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Acid suppressants or prokinetic agents should not be used to treat chronic nonspecific cough in infants or children. There is insufficient evidence to support or discourage use of these agents to treat chronic non-specific cough in adults, even in those with a history of GERD.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p502.html

Geriatric Assessment: An Office-Based Approach - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2018 - Family physicians should be proficient in geriatric assessment because, as society ages, older adults will constitute an increasing proportion of patients. Geriatric assessment evaluates medical, social, and environmental factors that influence overall well-being, and addresses ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0615/p776.html

Guidelines for the Use of Antibiotics in Acute Upper Respiratory Infections - American ...

Sep 15, 2006 - To help physicians with the appropriate use of antibiotics in children and adults with upper respiratory tract infection, a multidisciplinary team evaluated existing guidelines and summarized key practice points. Acute otitis media in children should be diagnosed only if there is abrupt...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p956.html

Guidelines for Treating Adults with Acute Cough - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - ...are likely to be effective for conditions such as pneumonia, upper airway cough syndrome from bacterial sinusitis, and Bordetella pertussis infection in the lower respiratory tract (whooping cough), if given early in the illness, and for exacerbations of bronchiectasis and severe...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p476.html

Hand and Wrist Injuries: Part II. Emergent Evaluation - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2004 - Primary care physicians must be able to recognize wrist and hand injuries that require immediate attention. A complete history and physical examination, including assessment of distal limb function, are essential. Hemorrhage control is necessary in patients with vessel lacerations and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0415/p1949.html

Hand and Wrist Injuries: Part II. Emergent Evaluation - American Family Physician

...Adapted from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diph- theria, tetanus, and pertussis: recommendations for vaccine use and other preventive measures: recommendations of the Immu- nization Practices Advisory Committee (ACIP). Accessed online on March 29, 2004, at:...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0415/afp20040415p1949.pdf

Health Maintenance for Postmenopausal Women - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2008 - Menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation resulting from the loss of ovarian and follicular activity. It usually occurs when women reach their early 50s. Vasomotor symptoms and vaginal dryness are frequently reported during menopause. Estrogen is the most effective treatment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p583.html

Health Maintenance for Women of Reproductive Age - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Health maintenance for women of reproductive age includes counseling and screening tests that have been demonstrated to prevent disease and improve health. This article focuses mainly on conditions that are more common in women or have a unique impact on female patients. Family ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p209.html

Health Maintenance in Postmenopausal Women - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in postmenopausal women older than 50 years. Clinicians should use the pooled cohort risk assessment equations or another risk calculator every three to five years to estimate a woman’s 10-year risk of atherosclerotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p561.html

Health Maintenance in School-aged Children: Part I. History, Physical Examination, ...

...are significantly less, with approximately 40 percent of patients receiving the tetanus toxoid, reduced diph- theria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine and meningococcal vaccine, and less than 20 percent completing the human papillomavirus vaccine series.39 There is...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/afp20110315p683.pdf

Health Maintenance in School-Aged Children: Part I. History, Physical Examination, ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The goals of the health maintenance visit in school-aged children (five to 12 years) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. During the visit, the physician should address patient and parent/caregiver concerns and ask about ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p213.html

Health Maintenance in School-aged Children: Part I. History, Physical Examination, ...

Mar 15, 2011 - The goals of the well-child examination in school-aged children (kindergarten through early adolescence) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. A complete history should address any concerns from the patient and family and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p683.html

Helping Physicians Make Evidence-Based Decisions - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2001 - ...on perinatal care, the Cochrane Library has grown rapidly and now contains more than 850 reviews on a wide variety of topics from acellular pertussis vaccines to zinc for the comXmon cold. Primary care physicians have played an important role in the Cochrane Collaboration since its...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2130.html

Hepatitis B: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2010 - Although an estimated 1 million persons in the United States are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus, the prevalence of hepatitis B has declined since the implementation of a national vaccination program. Hepatitis B virus is transmitted in blood and secretions. Acute infection ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p965.html

HIV Infection in Adults: Initial Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - The HIV epidemic is an important public health priority. Transmissions continue to occur despite effective therapies that make HIV preventable and treatable. Approximately one-half of people with HIV are not receiving suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART). Starting ART early, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p407.html

HIV Infection: The Role of Primary Care - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2009 - Human immunodeficiency virus infection was first documented in the United States in 1981. Since that time, significant strides have been made in the prevention and treatment of the condition. Screening is paramount in identifying early infection and is now a routine component of primary...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/p946.html

HPV Vaccine: A Cornerstone of Female Health - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - ...vaccines (i.e., tetravalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine [MCV4; Menactra] and tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis booster [Tdap; Boostrix, Adacel]). Together, these three vaccines provide the opportunity for important anticipatory guidance during...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p28.html

Hypertension, Pertussis, Splenomegaly, Breast Cancer, SGLT2 Inhibitors, Blood Pressure ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2022 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0200/p128.html

IDSA Releases Guidelines on Travel Medicine - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2007 - The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has released recommendations on travel medicine standards based on evidence, expert opinion, and clinical experience.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1712.html

Immunizations (excluding Influenza) - American Family Physician

May 13, 2022 - This collection features AFP content on child and adult immunizations (excluding influenza) and related issues, including travel immunizations and specific immunizations (hepatitis A and B, herpes zoster, human papillomavirus, meningococcus, pertussis, pneumococcus, rotavirus, smallpox,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=63

Immunizations in Pregnancy

...Tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acel- lular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine should be provided during each pregnancy, preferably between 27 and 36 weeks of gestation.5 This timing recommendation is based on the maternal immune response, which peaks two weeks after...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/afp20130615p828.pdf

Immunizations in Pregnancy - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2013 - Family physicians, even if not providing prenatal care, can play a critical role in maintaining current vaccinations in pregnant women. Learn which vaccinations to consider and which to avoid.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p828.html

Immunizations in Pregnancy: Updated Recommendations - Editorials - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2020 - Important new data on the immunology of immunization in pregnancy provide greater support for and information on the provision and timing of these immunizations.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/p205.html

Importance of Vaccinations for Close Contacts and Caregivers - Letters to the Editor - ...

Jun 15, 2008 - ...acellular pertussis vaccine as part of a tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoids, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap; Adacel) is recommended for all close contacts and caregivers of children younger than one year.1 As with influenza, infected parents can transmit pertussis to...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1664.html

Infant with a Morbilliform Rash - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2010 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p327.html

Influenza Vaccination Coverage of Children in the United States - Practice Guidelines -...

Jul 15, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released a report on influenza vaccination coverage of children younger than two years during the 2003 to 2004 influenza season.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p336.html

Initial Management of Patients with HIV Infection

November 1, 2016

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/afp20161101p708.pdf

Initial Management of Patients with HIV Infection - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2016 - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a treatable chronic disease with near-normal life expectancy when patients receive antiretroviral therapy (ART). Family physicians and other primary care clinicians commonly provide long-term comprehensive care for persons with HIV...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p708.html

Insulin Detemir (Levmir) for Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - Insulin detemir is suitable as basal insulin in a basal-bolus regimen. In limited research, it has been shown to cause slightly fewer episodes of minor hypoglycemia and no weight gain in patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes, which is a benefit that must be balanced against its higher ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p323.html

Interventions Aimed at Increasing Childhood Vaccination Rates - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Nov 1, 2015 - Community discussions, community meetings, and information campaigns may increase immunization uptake in areas with only moderate vaccine use. There is no clear evidence to guide face-to-face educational interventions, and the impact of face-to-face interventions is uncertain in areas ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/p775.html

jan 1 prac guide

...Diphtheria, tetanus, DTaP DTaP DTaP DTaP‡ DTaP Td pertussis‡ Haemophilus Hib Hib Hib Hib influenzae type b (Hib)§ Polio || IPV IPV IPV || IPV || Measles, mumps, MMR MMR¶ MMR¶ rubella (MMR)¶ Varicella-zoster Var Var# virus vaccine (Var)# Hepatitis A** Hep A** in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/afp20000101p232-s1.pdf

jan 1 SMR

...Diphtheria, tetanus, DTaP DTaP DTaP DTaP‡ DTaP Td pertussis‡ Haemophilus Hib Hib Hib Hib influenzae type b (Hib)§ Polio || IPV IPV Polio || Polio Rotavirus (Rv)¶ Rv¶ Rv¶ Rv¶ Measles, mumps, MMR MMR# MMR# rubella (MMR)# Varicella-zoster Var Var** virus vaccine (Var)**...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/afp19990101p203-s1.pdf

July 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

...CDC Releases Guidelines on Antimicrobial Agents for the Treatment and Postexposure Prophylaxis of Pertussis Lisa Graham Influenza Vaccination Coverage of Children in the United States Lisa Graham STEPS Insulin Detemir (Levmir) for Diabetes Mellitus JD Goldman...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/

June 1, 2004 - American Family Physician

...Pertussis in Vaccinated and Unvaccinated Children Influencing Attitudes Toward Mammography Screening Olanzapine vs. Haloperidol for Treatment of Schizophrenia Smoking Cessation After Admission to a Cardiac Unit Etanercept Effective for Moderate to Severe Psoriasis...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0601/

June 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

...Pertussis Vaccination for Adolescents and Adults Comparison of Effectiveness of Three CHD Predictors Yoga Improves Chronic Low Back Pain Waist-to-Hip Ratio Better Predictor of Disease Than BMI Positive and Negative Effects of Hypnotics in Older Patients Relation...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/

Key Potentially Inappropriate Drugs in Pediatrics: The KIDs List - Practice Guidelines ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - The Pediatric Pharmacy Association produced a list of key potentially inappropriate drugs in pediatrics, or the KIDs List, to guide physicians who treat children.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p633.html

Laceration Repair: A Practical Approach - American Family Physician

May 15, 2017 - The goals of laceration repair are to achieve hemostasis and optimal cosmetic results without increasing the risk of infection. Many aspects of laceration repair have not changed over the years, but there is evidence to support some updates to standard management. Studies have been ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p628.html

Late Presentation to Prenatal Care - Curbside Consultation - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2015 - Pregnancy carries concrete and immediate risks that need to be addressed and managed in a timely fashion. Patients who initiate prenatal care late in pregnancy tend to present with a challenging variety of concerns, encompassing the full range of their medical, psychosocial, and ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p391.html

Leukemia: An Overview for Primary Care

...Lymphocyte predominant: Consider infection such as EBV, CMV, pertussis, tuberculosis, asplenia, or splenic sequestration Basophil predominant (rare): Consider viral infections or inflammatory conditions If any of the following are present, obtain a peripheral smear:...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/afp20140501p731.pdf

Leukocytosis: Basics of Clinical Assessment - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2000 - Leukocytosis, a common laboratory finding, is most often due to relatively benign conditions (infections or inflammatory processes). Much less common but more serious causes include primary bone marrow disorders. The normal reaction of bone marrow to infection or inflammation leads to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p2053.html

Management of Foreign Bodies in the Skin - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - Although puncture wounds are common, retained foreign bodies are not. Wounds with a foreign body sensation should be evaluated. The presence of wood or vegetative material, graphite or other pigmenting materials, and pain is an indication for foreign body removal. Radiography may be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p683.html

Management of Newborns Exposed to Maternal HIV Infection - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - The management of infants whose mothers are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) involves minimizing the risk of vertical transmission of HIV, recognizing neonatal HIV infection early, preventing opportunistic infections, and addressing psychosocial issues. Maternal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2049.html

Management of Newborns Exposed to Maternal HIV Infection -- American Family Physician

...HIV-exposed infants need the appropriate standard immunizations: diphtheria and teta- nus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine, Hae- mophilus influenzae b conjugate vaccine, inacti- vated poliovirus vaccine, pneumococcal seven- valent conjugate vaccine, and hepatitis B vac-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/afp20020515p2049.pdf

March 15, 2009 - American Family Physician

...ACIP Releases Guideline on Prevention of Pertussis, Tetanus, and Diptheria in Pregnant Women and Newborns Carrie Armstrong Answering Clinical Questions Putting Prevention into Practice Screening for Sickle Cell Disease in Newborns Kenneth W. Lin Point-of-Care Guides...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0315/

Maternal Pertussis Vaccination During Pregnancy - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Women should receive the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy regardless of previous immunization history. Infants whose mothers received prenatal immunization had 50% fewer cases of pertussis compared with those whose mothers received postpartum immunization.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p454.html

Medical Care for Immigrants and Refugees - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1998 - Refugees and other immigrants often present with clinical problems that are as varied as their previous experiences. Clinical presentations may range from unusual infectious diseases to problems with transition. This article describes medical conditions associated with immigrants, as ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0301/p1061.html

Microsoft Word - Guidelines on titles and subtitles of articles--instructions for ...

...Pharmacogenetics: Using Genetic Information to Guide Drug Therapy Disability Evaluations: More Than Completing a Form Pertussis: A Reemerging Infection Diagnostic imaging: appropriate and safe use End-Stage Renal Disease: Symptom Management and Advance Care Planning Systemic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/journals/afp/Titles%20-%20Guide%20for%20Authors.pdf

Most Toddler Vaccination Rates are Close to HHS’ Healthy People 2010 Goals

...affected more than 100 patients in more than a dozen states. As of September 14, 2010, California had more than 4,000 reported cases of pertussis with nine infant deaths linked to the outbreak. However, this large spike in cases might have more to do with adolescent and adult...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/afp20101101p1041.pdf

NEWS NEW

...DTaP Vaccine’s Effectiveness Against Pertussis Diminishes After Final Dose Outbreaks of whooping cough continue to occur regularly, so researchers set out to determine why the diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine is not doing a better job. The study,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/afp20121101p803.pdf

NEWS NOW

...Midwest Experience Pertussis Outbreaks: Are Parents Responsible? Several states in the West and Midwest have reported significant increases in pertussis cases. In Montana, the Department of Public Health and Human Services has documented more than 200 cases of pertussis, the high-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/afp20120701p13.pdf

NEWS NOW

...combined diphtheria and tet- anus toxoids and acellular pertussis adsorbed, inactivated poliovirus, and H. influenzae type b conjugate (DTaP- IPV-Hib) vaccine (Pentacel), and the diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine adsorbed (Daptacel) are currently limited...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0601/afp20120601p1031.pdf

NEWS NOW

...Research has shown that children who are exempted from vaccinations have a 35-fold higher risk of measles, a 23-fold higher risk of pertussis, and a nine- fold higher risk of varicella than do vaccinated children. All states allow children with medical contraindications to...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/afp20110601p1259.pdf

NEWS NOW

...and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). The ACIP announced that the tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination can now be administered to pregnant women in the second or third trimesters if they have never received the vaccina- tion...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/afp20110801p253.pdf

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