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Practice Guidelines

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afp20190201p141.pdf

...Corrections Misspelled name. The Practice Guideline Bleeding with Anticoagulants: ACC Releases Expert Consensus Decision Pathway to Guide Management (July 1, 2018, p. 57) con- tained an error by referring to vitamin K agonists rather than vitamin K antagonists in three places within...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/afp20190201p141.pdf

afp20190201p142.pdf

...Corrections Misspelled name. The Practice Guideline Bleeding with Anticoagulants: ACC Releases Expert Consensus Decision Pathway to Guide Management (July 1, 2018, p. 57) con- tained an error by referring to vitamin K agonists rather than vitamin K antagonists in three places within...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/afp20190201p142.pdf

afp20190201p143.pdf

...Corrections Misspelled name. The Practice Guideline Bleeding with Anticoagulants: ACC Releases Expert Consensus Decision Pathway to Guide Management (July 1, 2018, p. 57) con- tained an error by referring to vitamin K agonists rather than vitamin K antagonists in three places within...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/afp20190201p143.pdf

afp20190201p159.pdf

...19. Lo Vecchio A, Dias JA, Berkley JA, et al. Comparison of recommenda- tions in clinical practice guidelines for acute gastroenteritis in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016; 63(2): 226-235. 20. Steiner MJ, DeWalt DA, Byerley JS. Is this child dehydrated? JAMA. 2004;...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/afp20190201p159.pdf

afp20190201p179.pdf

...2. Motzer RJ, et al. Kidney cancer, version 2.2017. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2017; 15(6): 804-834. 3. Lipworth L, Tarone RE, McLaughlin JK. The epidemiology of renal cell carcinoma. J Urol. 2006; 176(6 pt 1): 2353-2358. 4....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/afp20190201p179.pdf

afp20190201p194.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Urinary Incontinence: Screening Recommendation from the WPSI Editor’s Note: This recommendation to screen women for urinary incontinence belies the lack of evidence supporting its benefit. Only a thin logical thread exists, based on indirect evidence, linking...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/afp20190201p194.pdf

afp20190215p214.pdf

...mittee of the American College of Physicians. Noninvasive treatments for acute, subacute, and chronic low back: a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2017; 166(7): 514-530. 2. Schabert E, Crow WT. Impact of osteopathic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/afp20190215p214.pdf

afp20190215p226.pdf

...Tip for Using AFP at the Point of Care Are you looking for a Practice Guideline? You can find AFP ’s collection of guideline summa- ries at https://www.aafp.org/afp/practguide. All department collections are accessible from the AFP home page at https://www.aafp.org/afp....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/afp20190215p226.pdf

afp20190215p237.pdf

...type 2 diabetes mellitus: a clinical practice guideline update from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2017; 166(4): 279-290. 43. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs; U.S. Department of Defense. VA/ DoD clinical practice guideline for the management of type 2...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/afp20190215p237.pdf

afp20190215p264.pdf

...Practice Guidelines ACIP Approves 2019 Adult and Childhood/ Adolescent Immunization Schedules The 2019 adult and childhood/adolescent immunization schedules have been approved by the Advisory Committee on Immuniza- tion Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Dis- ease Control and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/afp20190215p264.pdf

afp20190301p314.pdf

...disease, liver cancer, treatment, vaccina- tions, screenings. The search included meta-analyses, random- ized-controlled trials, and practice guidelines within the past 20 years. Also searched were the Cochrane database and Essential Evidence Plus. Search dates: October 2017 and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0301/afp20190301p314.pdf

afp20190301p334.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Myocardial Infarction: Expert Consensus Group Provides Updated Definition Coverage of guidelines from other organizations does not imply endorsement by AFP or the AAFP. This series is coordinated by Sumi Sexton, MD, Editor-in-Chief. A collection of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0301/afp20190301p334.pdf

afp20190315p362.pdf

...peripheral artery disease: a report of the Amer- ican College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines [published correction appears in Circulation. 2017;135(12):e791-e792]. Circulation. 2017; 135(12): e734. BEST PRACTICES IN VASCULAR...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/afp20190315p362.pdf

afp20190315p370.pdf

...et al. Prevention and monitoring of cardiac dysfunction in survivors of adult cancers: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline. J Clin Oncol. 2017; 35(8): 893-911. 18. Janelsins MC, Kohli S, Mohile SG, Usuki K, Ahles TA, Morrow GR. An update on cancer-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/afp20190315p370.pdf

afp20190315p376.pdf

...32. Ralston SL, Lieberthal AS, Meissner HC, et al.; American Academy of Pediatrics. Clinical practice guideline: the diagnosis, management, and prevention of bronchiolitis [published correction appears in Pediatrics. 2015; 136(4): 782]. Pediatrics. 2014; 134(5): e1474-e1502. 33....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/afp20190315p376.pdf

afp20190315p395.pdf

...Practice Guidelines HIV Prevention and Treatment with ART: International Antiviral Society Updates Recommendations Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the key to preventing and managing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Based on the availability of new medications and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/afp20190315p395.pdf

afp20190401p426.pdf

...See related Practice Guideline on page 462. Additional content at https:// www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/ p426.html. CME This clinical content conforms to AAFP criteria for continuing medical education (CME). See CME Quiz on page 418. Author disclosure: No relevant financial...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/afp20190401p426.pdf

afp20190401p435.pdf

...30. Marret H, Fauconnier A, Chabbert-Buffet N, et al.; CNGOF Collège National des Gynécologues et Obstétriciens Français. Clinical practice guidelines on menorrhagia: management of abnormal uterine bleed- ing before menopause. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2010; 152(2): 133-137....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/afp20190401p435.pdf

afp20190401p445.pdf

...15. Kroger AT, Duchin J, Vázquez M. General best practice guidelines for immunization. Best practices guidance of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. http:// www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/acip-recs/ general-recs/downloads/general-recs.pdf. Accessed August 21, 2018. 16....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/afp20190401p445.pdf

afp20190401p459.pdf

...all women to determine whether they have incontinence and whether it affects their health, function, or quality of life. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Government Setting: Outpatient (any) Reference: O’Reilly N, Nelson HD, Conry JM, et al.; Women’s...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/afp20190401p459.pdf

afp20190401p459a.pdf

...all women to determine whether they have incontinence and whether it affects their health, function, or quality of life. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Government Setting: Outpatient (any) Reference: O’Reilly N, Nelson HD, Conry JM, et al.; Women’s...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/afp20190401p459a.pdf

afp20190401p460.pdf

...all women to determine whether they have incontinence and whether it affects their health, function, or quality of life. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Government Setting: Outpatient (any) Reference: O’Reilly N, Nelson HD, Conry JM, et al.; Women’s...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/afp20190401p460.pdf

afp20190401p462.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Mild TBI in Children: Guidance from the CDC for Diagnosis and Treatment Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is a major problem in the United States, causing pathophysiologic injuries and associated symp- toms that can result in poor physical,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/afp20190401p462.pdf

afp20190415p482.pdf

...Clinical practice guideline for the management of exertional rhabdomy- olysis in warfighters. https:// www.usuhs.edu/sites/default/files/media/ mem/pdf/clinical_practice_guideline_for_managing_er.pdf. Accessed January 6, 2018. 2. Department of the Army. Standards of medical...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/afp20190415p482.pdf

afp20190415p490.pdf

...P, Forciea MA, Starkey M, Denberg TD. Dietary and pharmacologic management to prevent recurrent nephrolithiasis in adults: a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Phy- sicians. Ann Intern Med. 2014; 161(9): 659-667. 39. Fink HA, Wilt TJ, Eidman KE, et al....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/afp20190415p490.pdf

afp20190415p525.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Child Passenger Safety: AAP Updates Best Practice Recommendations Child safety seats reduce the risk of injury and death when compared with seat belts. There has been an increase in scientific evidence sup- porting the use of child safety and booster seats. The...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/afp20190415p525.pdf

afp20190501p547.pdf

...As many as 30% of women have pelvic pain or bleeding due to fibroids in their lifetime.34 Current practice guidelines support uterine fibroid embolization as an alternative to hor- monal therapy and myomectomy for the treatment of women with symptomatic fibroids who wish to retain...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/afp20190501p547.pdf

afp20190501p577.pdf

...are similar to the recom- mendations from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)/U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) clinical practice guideline.3 This guideline states that the trauma-focused psychotherapies with the strongest evidence are prolonged exposure, cognitive...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/afp20190501p577.pdf

afp20190501p589.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Cholesterol Management: ACC/AHA Updates Guideline The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) task force on clin- ical practice guidelines has updated its 2013 cho- lesterol guideline. The 2018 guideline narrows the use of the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/afp20190501p589.pdf

afp20190515p654.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Chronic Cough After Acute Viral Bronchiolitis: Suggestions from the ACCP Bronchiolitis is a common condition in young children that is characterized by tachy- pnea, wheeze, and crepitations after an acute upper respiratory illness (e.g., respiratory syncy-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/afp20190515p654.pdf

afp20190601p677.pdf

...NM, et al. Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis and treatment in patients with cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline update. J Clin Oncol. 2013; 31(17): 2189-2204. 7. Kearon C, Akl EA, Ornelas J, et al. Antithrombotic therapy for VTE dis- ease:...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/afp20190601p677.pdf

afp20190601p682.pdf

...Gloviczki P, Comerota AJ, Dalsing MC, et al. The care of patients with varicose veins and associated chronic venous diseases: clinical practice guidelines of the Soci- ety for Vascular Surgery and the American Venous Forum. J Vasc Surg. 2011; 53(5 suppl): 2S-48S. 8. Beebe-Dimmer...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/afp20190601p682.pdf

afp20190601p699.pdf

...a care plan for additional support and resources.12 The National Consensus Development Conference for Care- giver Assessment developed practice guidelines that have been incorporated in the Guided Care model15 and pro- moted by numerous national organizations.1,12,16,17 See a...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/afp20190601p699.pdf

afp20190601p716.pdf

...aggressive hypertension guidelines from the ACC/AHA that the AAFP and ACP also did not partic- ipate in or endorse. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Government Setting: Various (guideline) Reference: Grundy SM, Stone NJ, Bailey AL, et al. 2018 AHA/...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/afp20190601p716.pdf

afp20190601p717.pdf

...aggressive hypertension guidelines from the ACC/AHA that the AAFP and ACP also did not partic- ipate in or endorse. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Government Setting: Various (guideline) Reference: Grundy SM, Stone NJ, Bailey AL, et al. 2018 AHA/...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/afp20190601p717.pdf

afp20190601p717a.pdf

...aggressive hypertension guidelines from the ACC/AHA that the AAFP and ACP also did not partic- ipate in or endorse. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Government Setting: Various (guideline) Reference: Grundy SM, Stone NJ, Bailey AL, et al. 2018 AHA/...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/afp20190601p717a.pdf

afp20190601p718.pdf

...aggressive hypertension guidelines from the ACC/AHA that the AAFP and ACP also did not partic- ipate in or endorse. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Government Setting: Various (guideline) Reference: Grundy SM, Stone NJ, Bailey AL, et al. 2018 AHA/...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/afp20190601p718.pdf

afp20190601p719.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Cancer Screening: ACS Releases Annual Summary of Recommendations The American Cancer Society (ACS) pro- vides a summary of recommendations for can- cer screening (Table 1) each year, including any updates and recent data, and advice for when recommendations...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/afp20190601p719.pdf

afp20190615p751.pdf

...Consistent findings from multiple large random- ized controlled trials and recommendation from evidence-based practice guideline (American Diabetes Association guideline) Patients with hypertension and diabetes should be treated with an ACE inhibitor or an ARB to reduce the rate...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/afp20190615p751.pdf

afp20190615p785.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Depression After ACS Events: AAFP Releases Updated Guidelines More than 25 million U.S. adults have heart disease, with more than 1 million adults hos- pitalized with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events each year. After ACS events, patients are at increased...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/afp20190615p785.pdf

afp20190701p39.pdf

...with permission from Gordon CM, Ackerman KE, Berga SL, et al. Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017; 102(5): 1423. 46 American Family Physician www.aafp.org/afp Volume 100, Number 1 ◆ July 1, 2019...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/afp20190701p39.pdf

afp20190701p58.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Physical Activity: Updated Recommendations from HHS In 2008, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published the first Phys- ical Activity Guidelines for Americans, which recommended that adults perform 150 to 300 minutes of moderate physical...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/afp20190701p58.pdf

afp20190715p121.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Interpregnancy Care: Guidelines from ACOG and SMFM Interpregnancy care is the care provided to women of childbearing age who are between pregnancies. The interpregnancy period pro- vides an opportunity to address complications or medical issues that developed...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/afp20190715p121.pdf

afp20190715p89.pdf

...in clinical practice guidelines of the National Guideline Clearinghouse. Chin J Integr Med. 2017; 23(11): 864-870. 12. Qaseem A, Wilt TJ, McLean RM, et al. Noninvasive treat- ments for acute, subacute, and chronic low back pain: a clinical practice guideline from the American...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/afp20190715p89.pdf

afp20190715p98.pdf

...C Based on a clinical practice guideline Information on hearing aid use should be provided to patients. It should incorporate patient expectations, perceived self-benefit, satisfaction, readiness to accept change, and support from significant others.38,39 C Systematic reviews...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/afp20190715p98.pdf

afp20190801p168.pdf

...Clinical practice guidelines suggest testing for elevated androgen levels in women with an abnormal hirsutism score.6,14,22 The degree of hirsutism does not necessarily cor- relate with the testosterone level. Free testosterone is the bio- logically active component of serum...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/afp20190801p168.pdf

afp20190801p186.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Infantile Hemangioma: AAP Releases Guideline for Management Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of childhood, occurring in up to approximately 5% of infants. These benign vas- cular tumors are small, self-resolving, and do not require...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/afp20190801p186.pdf

afp20190815p251.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Maintenance Intravenous Fluids in Children: AAP Provides Recommendation Maintenance intravenous (IV) fluids are a common element of the care of acutely ill children. Hypotonic maintenance fluids have long been a clinical standard for children, although this...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/afp20190815p251.pdf

afp20190901p281.pdf

...B Systematic reviews and a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Chest Physicians Safe and effective treatments for cold symptoms in children include nasal saline irrigation, menthol rub, and honey (for children 12 months and older).39,61,63,65 B Systematic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/afp20190901p281.pdf

afp20190901p290.pdf

...7. Vandvik PO, Lähdeoja T, Ardern C, et al. Subacromial decompression surgery for adults with shoulder pain: a clinical practice guideline. BMJ. 2019; 364: l294. 8. O’Byrne PM, FitzGerald JM, Bateman ED, et al. Inhaled combined budesonide-formoterol as needed in mild asthma. N...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/afp20190901p290.pdf

afp20190901p309.pdf

...Recommendations from Others A 2017 evidence-based practice guideline from the American College of Physicians examined noninvasive treatments for nonradicular low back pain and found insufficient evidence to sup- port the use of gabapentin for acute or chronic back pain.3...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/afp20190901p309.pdf

afp20190901p316.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Tonsillectomy in Children: AAO-HNS Updates Guideline Tonsillectomy is one of the most common sur- gical procedures in the United States. It involves complete removal of each tonsil and capsule and is performed with or without adenoidectomy. The American Academy...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/afp20190901p316.pdf

afp20190915p339.pdf

...Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians. Nonsurgical management of urinary incontinence in women: a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians [published correction appears in Ann Intern Med. 2014; 161(10): 764]. Ann Intern Med. 2014;...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/afp20190915p339.pdf

afp20190915p350.pdf

...Practice guideline from the AAP, which is based on consistent evidence from observa- tional studies Pneumatic otoscopy with or without tympanometry should be used to assess the tympanic membrane for effusion in patients with suspected AOM.7,9 C Expert opinion and practice...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/afp20190915p350.pdf

afp20191001od1.pdf

...4. American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. Clinical practice guideline: acute sinusitis. Accessed January 26, 2019. https:// www.entnet.org/con- tent/clinical-practice-guideline-adult-sinusitis ■

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/afp20191001od1.pdf

afp20191001p391.pdf

...Treatment of Gender-Dysphoric/Gender-Incongruent Persons: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline, at https:// www.endocrine.org/guidelines-and-clinical-practice/ clinical-practice-guidelines/gender-dysphoria-gender- incongruence.66 Reference 66 was also replaced with the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/afp20191001p391.pdf

afp20191001p392.pdf

...Treatment of Gender-Dysphoric/Gender-Incongruent Persons: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline, at https:// www.endocrine.org/guidelines-and-clinical-practice/ clinical-practice-guidelines/gender-dysphoria-gender- incongruence.66 Reference 66 was also replaced with the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/afp20191001p392.pdf

afp20191001p426.pdf

...therapy: antithrombotic therapy and preven- tion of thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest. 2012; 141(suppl 2): e152S-e184S. 5. Witt DM, Nieuwlaat R, Clark NP, et al. American Society of Hematology 2018...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/afp20191001p426.pdf

afp20191001p443.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Perinatal Depression: AAP Policy Statement on Recognition and Management Coverage of guidelines from other organizations does not imply endorsement by AFP or the AAFP. This series is coordinated by Sumi Sexton, MD, Editor-in-Chief. A collection of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/afp20191001p443.pdf

afp20191015p455.pdf

...Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Steering Com- mittee on Quality Improvement and Management. ADHD: clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disor- der in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2011; 128(5):...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/afp20191015p455.pdf

afp20191015p463.pdf

...Recommendations from Others A 2012 clinical practice guideline from the Amer- ican College of Chest Physicians recommends up to one year of dual antiplatelet therapy for patients with acute coronary syndrome or those under- going elective percutaneous intervention with stenting.4 It...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/afp20191015p463.pdf

afp20191015p485.pdf

...pregnancy: antithrombotic Therapy and Preven- tion of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest. 2012; 141(2 suppl): e691S-e736S. 17. Heit JA, Kobbervig CE, James AH, et al. Trends in the incidence of venous...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/afp20191015p485.pdf

afp20191015p505.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Influenza Vaccination: Updated Recommendations from ACIP Published online September 20, 2019. The Centers for Disease Control and Pre- vention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its recommenda- tions for routine influenza...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/afp20191015p505.pdf

afp20191101p544.pdf

...and infectious diseases are prevalent and can cause disability. Family physicians can use avail- able resources and clinical practice guidelines such as those from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense to inform care and to assist veterans. (Am Fam...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/afp20191101p544.pdf

afp20191101p582.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Pilonidal Disease Management: Guidelines from the ASCRS Pilonidal disease is a reaction to hair in the gluteal cleft, in which unattached hairs injure or pierce the skin, resulting in a foreign body reaction. The condition, which has an annual incidence of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/afp20191101p582.pdf

afp20191115od1.pdf

...US Public Health Service. Preexposure prophylaxis for the preven- tion of HIV infection in the United States-2017 update: a clinical practice guideline. March 2018. Accessed April 16, 2019. https:// www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/risk/prep/cdc-hiv- prep-guidelines-2017.pdf 4. Centers for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/afp20191115od1.pdf

afp20191115p639.pdf

...2. White AC Jr., Coyle CM, Rajshekhar V, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of neurocysticercosis. 2017 clinical practice guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH). Clin Infect Dis. 2018; 66(8):...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/afp20191115p639.pdf

afp20191115p649.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia: A Practice Bulletin from ACOG Preeclampsia, a disorder of pregnancy associated with new-onset hypertension, occurs in up to 8% of pregnancies globally, with an incidence that increased by 25% from 1987 to 2004 in the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/afp20191115p649.pdf

afp20191201p680.pdf

...14. Zafren K, Giesbrecht GG, Danzl DF, et al. Wilderness Medical Society practice guidelines for the out-of-hospital evaluation and treatment of accidental hypothermia: 2014 update. Wilderness Environ Med. 2014; 25(4 suppl): S66-S85. 15. Soar J, Perkins GD, Abbas G, et al....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/afp20191201p680.pdf

afp20191201p687.pdf

...Reprinted with permission from Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Acute Kidney Injury Work Group. KDIGO clini- cal practice guideline for acute kidney injury. Kidney Int Suppl. 2012; 2(suppl 1): 19. December 1, 2019 ◆ Volume 100, Number 11 www.aafp.org/afp American...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/afp20191201p687.pdf

afp20191215p751.pdf

...See related Practice Guideline at https://www.aafp.org/ afp/2019/1015/p505.html. CME This clinical content conforms to AAFP criteria for continuing medical education (CME). See CME Quiz on page 738. Author disclosure: No relevant financial affiliations. Patient...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/afp20191215p751.pdf

afp20191215p759.pdf

...21. O’Shea RS, Dasarathy S, McCullough AJ; Practice Guideline Committee of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases; Practice Parameters Committee of the American College of Gastroenterology. Alcoholic liver disease. Hepatology. 2010; 51(1): 307-328. 22. Bacon...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/afp20191215p759.pdf

afp20191215p778.pdf

...of DVT: antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest. 2012; 141(2 suppl): e351S-e418S. 11. Wolf SJ, Hahn SA, Nentwich LM, et al.; American College of Emergency Physicians...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/afp20191215p778.pdf

afp20191215p782.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Managing Chronic Hypertension in Pregnant Women: ACOG Releases Updated Practice Bulletin In pregnancy, chronic hypertension is defined as hypertension diagnosed before 20 weeks’ gestation. Up to 1.5% of pregnant women have chronic hypertension, which can...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/afp20191215p782.pdf

afp20200101od1.pdf

...2. Vilstrup H, Amodio P, Bajaj J, et al. Hepatic encephalopa- thy in chronic liver disease: 2014 practice guideline by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the European Association for the Study of the Liver. Hepa- tology. 2014; 60(2): 715-735. 3....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/afp20200101od1.pdf

afp20200101p24.pdf

...American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons’ clinical practice guideline for the treatment of fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2015; 58(7): 623-636. 23. Vogel JD, Johnson EK, Morris AM, et al. Clinical practice guideline for the management of anorectal abscess, fis-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/afp20200101p24.pdf

afp20200101p34.pdf

...43. Kroger AT, Duchin J, Vázquez M. General Best Practice Guidelines for Immunization. Best practices guidance of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Accessed February 2, 2019. https:// www.cdc. gov/vaccines/hcp/acip-recs/general-recs/downloads/general-recs.pdf 44....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/afp20200101p34.pdf

afp20200101p56.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Beers Criteria for Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Patients: An Update from the AGS The Beers Criteria for Potentially Inappro- priate Medication Use in Older Adults (i.e., at least 65 years of age), originally developed by Mark H. Beers in 1991,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/afp20200101p56.pdf

afp20200115p123.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Updated Guidance from the AHA, ACC, and HRS This guideline on atrial fibrillation (AF) management from the American Heart Associ- ation (AHA), American College of Cardiology (ACC), and Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) is an...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/afp20200115p123.pdf

afp20200115p89.pdf

...29. Schwartz SR, Jones SL, Getchius TS, et al. Reconciling the clinical practice guidelines on Bell’s palsy from the AAO- HNSF and the AAN. Neurology. 2014; 82(21): 1927-1929. 30. Whitley RJ, Weiss H, Gnann JW Jr., et al. Acyclovir with and without prednisone for the treatment...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/afp20200115p89.pdf

afp20200201p147.pdf

...56. Styne DM, Arslanian SA, Connor EL, et al. Pediatric obesity-assessment, treatment, and prevention: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017; 102(3): 709-757. 57. Militello LK, Kelly S, Melnyk BM, et al. A review of systematic reviews...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/afp20200201p147.pdf

afp20200201p159.pdf

...34. Huang ET, Mansouri J, Murad MH, et al.; UHMS CPG Oversight Com- mittee. A clinical practice guideline for the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2015; 42(3): 205-247. 35. Bishop AJ, Mudge E. Diabetic foot ulcers...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/afp20200201p159.pdf

afp20200201p168.pdf

...B Based on practice guidelines and consistent findings from small randomized controlled trials evaluating diarrhea Antibiotic stewardship reduces rates of C. difficile infection.6 C Guideline recommendation based on low- to moderate-quality longitudinal cohort studies A =...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/afp20200201p168.pdf

afp20200201p179.pdf

...MP, Markowitz JC, et al. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with major depressive disorder. 3rd ed. Ameri- can Psychiatric Association; 2010. Accessed December 3, 2019. https:// psychiatry online.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/ guidelines/mdd.pdf 4....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/afp20200201p179.pdf

afp20200201p182.pdf

...7. Wierman ME, Arlt W, Basson R, et al. Androgen therapy in women: a reappraisal: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014; 99(10): 3489-3510. 8. North American Menopause Society. Clinical care recom- mendations: chapter 8: prescription...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/afp20200201p182.pdf

afp20200215p197.pdf

...2. Metlay JP, Waterer GW, Long AC, et al. Diagnosis and treat- ment of adults with community-acquired pneumonia. An official clinical practice guideline of the American Tho- racic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019;200(7):e45-e67....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/afp20200215p197.pdf

afp20200215p206.pdf

...17. Davis BR, Lee-Kong SA, Migaly J, et al. The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons clinical practice guidelines for the management of hemorrhoids. Dis Colon Rectum. 2018; 61(3): 284-292. 18. Becq A, Rahmi G, Perrod G, et al. Hemorrhagic angiodysplasia of the digestive...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/afp20200215p206.pdf

afp20200215p221-s1.pdf

...Infectious Diseases Society of America https://www.idsociety.org/practice-guideline/ coccidioidomycosis/ Valley Fever Center for Excellence https://vfce.arizona.edu/education/banner-valley- fever-clinical-practice-toolbox February 2020 What You Should Know About Valley...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/afp20200215p221-s1.pdf

afp20200215p233.pdf

...interpret test results, and when test results will aid in decision-making. Clinical practice guidelines recommend that BRCA1/2 mutation testing begin with a relative with known BRCA-related cancer, including male relatives, to determine if a clinically significant mutation is...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/afp20200215p233.pdf

afp20200215p251.pdf

...Practice Guidelines ACIP Approves 2020 Adult and Childhood/ Adolescent Immunization Schedules Published online February 7, 2020. The 2020 adult and childhood/adolescent immunization schedules have been approved by the Advisory Commit- tee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/afp20200215p251.pdf

afp20200301p272.pdf

...This Cochrane review generally supports the Ameri- can Academy of Neurology 2018 practice guideline for the prevalence, prognosis, and treatment of MCI. The Ameri- can Academy of Neurology recommends that patients and families be counseled that there are currently no dietary...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/afp20200301p272.pdf

afp20200301p273.pdf

...This Cochrane review generally supports the Ameri- can Academy of Neurology 2018 practice guideline for the prevalence, prognosis, and treatment of MCI. The Ameri- can Academy of Neurology recommends that patients and families be counseled that there are currently no dietary...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/afp20200301p273.pdf

afp20200301p286.pdf

...P, Delemarre-van de Waal HA, et al.; Endocrine Society. Endocrine treatment of transsexual persons: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009; 94(9): 3132-3154. 31. Johnson EK, Finlayson C. Preservation of fertility potential for gender and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/afp20200301p286.pdf

afp20200301p302.pdf

...these animals to accompany the owner on air travel or to live in housing that might oth- erwise restrict pets.2,3 No professional practice guidelines are currently available to guide health care professionals responding to patient requests for emotional support ani- mal...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/afp20200301p302.pdf

afp20200301p309.pdf

...recommend a specific order of testing. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Foundation Setting: Various (guideline) Reference: Smalley W, Falck-Ytter C, Carrasco-Labra A, et al. AGA clinical practice guidelines on the laboratory evaluation of func- tional...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/afp20200301p309.pdf

afp20200301p310.pdf

...recommend a specific order of testing. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Foundation Setting: Various (guideline) Reference: Smalley W, Falck-Ytter C, Carrasco-Labra A, et al. AGA clinical practice guidelines on the laboratory evaluation of func- tional...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/afp20200301p310.pdf

afp20200301p310a.pdf

...recommend a specific order of testing. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Foundation Setting: Various (guideline) Reference: Smalley W, Falck-Ytter C, Carrasco-Labra A, et al. AGA clinical practice guidelines on the laboratory evaluation of func- tional...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/afp20200301p310a.pdf

afp20200301p312.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Tuberculosis Screening, Testing, and Treatment in U.S. Health Care Professionals: CDC Releases Updated Recommendations Although U.S. health care professionals previously had a higher risk for tuberculosis (TB) and latent TB infection (LTBI) due to occupational...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/afp20200301p312.pdf

afp20200315p341.pdf

...of high blood pressure in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on clinical practice guidelines [published cor- rection appears in J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018; 71(19): 2275-2279]. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018; 71(19): e127-e248. 5....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/afp20200315p341.pdf

afp20200315p370.pdf

...women: a clinical practice guideline update from the American College of Physicians [pub- lished correction appears in Ann Intern Med. 2017; 167(6): 448]. Ann Intern Med. 2017; 166(11): 818-839. 7. American Academy of Family Physicians. Clinical practice guideline. Treatment of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/afp20200315p370.pdf

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